Finland Guide

Finland Guide

Country data

Location: Northern Europe

Time zone: CET + 1

Total area: 338,145 km²

Land area: 303,815 km²

Water area: 34,330 km²

Length of the state border: 2,563 km

Bordering countries:
Norway: 709 km
Russian Federation: 1,309 km
Sweden: 545 km

Coastline: 1,250 km

Capital: Helsinki

Provinces: 19
Aland (Swedish), Ahvenanmaa (Finnish); Etela-Karjala (Finnish), Sodra Karelen (Swedish) [South Karelia]; Etela-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Sodra Osterbotten (Swedish) [South Ostrobothnia]; Etela-Savo (Finnish), Sodra Savolax (Swedish) [South Savo]; Kanta-Hame (Finnish), Egentliga Tavastland (Swedish); Kainuu (Finnish), Kajanaland (Swedish); Keski-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Mellersta Osterbotten (Swedish) [Central Ostrobothnia]; Keski-Suomi (Finnish), Mellersta Finland (Swedish) [Central Finland]; Kymenlaakso (Finnish), Kymmenedalen (Swedish); Lappi (Finnish), Lapland (Swedish); Paijat-Hame (Finnish), Paijanne-Tavastland (Swedish); Pirkanmaa (Finnish), Birkaland (Swedish) [Tampere]; Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Osterbotten (Swedish) [Ostrobothnia]; Pohjois-Karjala (Finnish), Norra Karelen (Swedish) [North Karelia]; Pohjois-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Norra Osterbotten (Swedish) [North Ostrobothnia]; Pohjois-Savo (Finnish), Norra Savolax (Swedish) [North Savo]; Satakunta (Finnish and Swedish); Uusimaa (Finnish), Nyland (Swedish) [Newland]; Varsinais-Suomi (Finnish), Egentliga Finland (Swedish)

Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 358 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Haltiatunturi 1,328 m

Population

Population: approx. 5.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.1% per year

Population density (inh. Per km²): 16

Life expectancy: 76 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: Finnish, Swedish

Religions:

  • 78% Lutherans
  • 1% Orthodox
  • 21% other

Climate

In Finland, the summer months are moderately warm and the winter months are cold and snowy.

The average temperature in summer (June – September) is 13 ° C, but in June / July it can occasionally get up to 28 ° C.

The winter is very long at 4-6 months. The temperature is often between -3 ° C and -15 ° C. In the south of the Landes the winter season lasts from January to March, in the north from November to April.

North of the Arctic Circle, the midnight sun shines in summer, while the polar night prevails in winter.

Finland

Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Spirits with an alcohol content of 22-80% are only allowed to be imported into Finland by people older than 20 years. There is an import ban for even higher percentage goods.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Finland.

Economy

The processing of wood into various end products and the extraction of natural resources determine a large part of the Finnish industry.

Industries: chemistry, wood processing, shipbuilding, textiles

Natural resources: iron ores, wood, copper, silver, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 8%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 0%
  • Forests: 76%
  • other: 16%

Plants

Most of the country consists of coniferous forests, in which spruce and pine dominate the scene. Mixed forests are only found in the southernmost regions.

Hundreds of different types of moss, grass and plants could develop in the huge uninhabited areas.

Animals

Since the north of Finland is hardly populated, there are still bears, moose, lynx, ptarmigan, swans, wild geese and wolves that live in the wild. Seals can be seen here and there in the coastal areas.

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