Finland – country information
|Official name||Republic of Finland|
|Foundation of a state||6/12/1917|
|The highest mountains||Haltiatunturi 1328 m|
|Longest rivers||Kemi 483 km|
|The largest lakes||Saimaa 4400 km2|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Helsinki (capital city) 1,050,000, Turku 280,000, Tampere 275,000|
|Official language||Finnish, Swedish|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Finns 93.3%, Swedes 5.8%, others 0.9%|
|Religious affiliation||Lutherans 87.3%, Orthodox 1.1%, no religion 10.6%, others 1%|
|Currency||1 euro = 100 cents|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$35,771 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||78.50 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture, forestry and fishing 5.2%, mining 0.3%, industry 21.8%, construction 8%, services 64.7%|
Finland – neighboring countries
According to Abbreviationfinder, Finnish culture and language differ greatly from other Nordic countries. For long periods of its history, the Finnish nation was under the domination of Sweden and Russia, but no one managed to break its spirit.
Location: Northern Europe
Time zone: CET + 1
Total area: 338,145 km²
Land area: 303,815 km²
Water area: 34,330 km²
Length of the state border: 2,563 km
Norway: 709 km
Russian Federation: 1,309 km
Sweden: 545 km
Coastline: 1,250 km
Aland (Swedish), Ahvenanmaa (Finnish); Etela-Karjala (Finnish), Sodra Karelen (Swedish) [South Karelia]; Etela-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Sodra Osterbotten (Swedish) [South Ostrobothnia]; Etela-Savo (Finnish), Sodra Savolax (Swedish) [South Savo]; Kanta-Hame (Finnish), Egentliga Tavastland (Swedish); Kainuu (Finnish), Kajanaland (Swedish); Keski-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Mellersta Osterbotten (Swedish) [Central Ostrobothnia]; Keski-Suomi (Finnish), Mellersta Finland (Swedish) [Central Finland]; Kymenlaakso (Finnish), Kymmenedalen (Swedish); Lappi (Finnish), Lapland (Swedish); Paijat-Hame (Finnish), Paijanne-Tavastland (Swedish); Pirkanmaa (Finnish), Birkaland (Swedish) [Tampere]; Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Osterbotten (Swedish) [Ostrobothnia]; Pohjois-Karjala (Finnish), Norra Karelen (Swedish) [North Karelia]; Pohjois-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Norra Osterbotten (Swedish) [North Ostrobothnia]; Pohjois-Savo (Finnish), Norra Savolax (Swedish) [North Savo]; Satakunta (Finnish and Swedish); Uusimaa (Finnish), Nyland (Swedish) [Newland]; Varsinais-Suomi (Finnish), Egentliga Finland (Swedish)
Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 358 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Haltiatunturi 1,328 m
Population: approx. 5.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.1% per year
Population density (inh. Per km²): 16
Life expectancy: 76 (male), 83 (female)
Official language: Finnish, Swedish
- 78% Lutherans
- 1% Orthodox
- 21% other
In Finland, the summer months are moderately warm and the winter months are cold and snowy.
The average temperature in summer (June – September) is 13 ° C, but in June / July it can occasionally get up to 28 ° C.
The winter is very long at 4-6 months. The temperature is often between -3 ° C and -15 ° C. In the south of the Landes the winter season lasts from January to March, in the north from November to April.
North of the Arctic Circle, the midnight sun shines in summer, while the polar night prevails in winter.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)
Division: 1 € = 100 cents
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Spirits with an alcohol content of 22-80% are only allowed to be imported into Finland by people older than 20 years. There is an import ban for even higher percentage goods.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Finland.
The processing of wood into various end products and the extraction of natural resources determine a large part of the Finnish industry.
Industries: chemistry, wood processing, shipbuilding, textiles
Natural resources: iron ores, wood, copper, silver, zinc
- Usable land: 8%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 0%
- Forests: 76%
- other: 16%
Most of the country consists of coniferous forests, in which spruce and pine dominate the scene. Mixed forests are only found in the southernmost regions.
Hundreds of different types of moss, grass and plants could develop in the huge uninhabited areas.
Since the north of Finland is hardly populated, there are still bears, moose, lynx, ptarmigan, swans, wild geese and wolves that live in the wild. Seals can be seen here and there in the coastal areas.