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Continents on Earth
Continents are huge areas of land that are not covered by oceans. In Russia, the concept of “continent” is considered equivalent to the concept of “mainland”, which is understood as a large area of the earth’s crust, surrounded by an ocean. Based on this, there are 6 continents, as well as continents. These are:
- North America
- South America
But in some countries, the concepts of “continents” are distinguished. For example, in China and India, it is customary to distinguish 8 continents:
- Central America
- North America
- South America
People in Latin American countries recognize 5 continents:
So 6 continents on Earth, or another number, depends on the scientific interpretation of the concept in different countries.
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The 10 Longest Train Routes in the World
Many people are fascinated by rail travel. The routes cannot be long enough – especially if the train is equipped with comfortable dining and sleeping cars. On the long journeys, beautiful experiences and wonderful landscapes are guaranteed.
- The Bernstein Express
The Bernstein Express runs over 2011 kilometers from Germany’s capital Berlin via Poland and the Baltic states to Saint Petersburg. Because different track widths have to be overcome, both train changes and minimal sections of the route have to be covered by bus. This has the advantage that travelers can visit many interesting places on the special trips.
- The Ghan
The Ghan is Australia’s long-distance transcontinental train connecting Adelaide in South Australia via Alice Springs to Darwin in the Northern Territory. The train crosses the Australian continent over 2,979 kilometers, with two weekly departures and a journey time of almost 50 hours.
- The Orient Silk Road Express
The route follows the legendary Silk Road: the railway line runs from Ashgabat in Turkmenistan via Samarkand in Uzbekistan to Almaty in Kazakhstan. Seven Unesco World Heritage Sites lie on either side of the 3,459-kilometer route. For the journey with the Orient Silk Road Express 12 travel days are to be planned.
- The Tibet Railway
The route of the Tibet Railway is significantly higher than other railway lines. The Chinese metropolis of Beijing is connected to Lhasa over a distance of around 3,700 kilometers up to an altitude of over 5,000 meters. The entire length of the route has only been open since early summer 2006.
- The Canadian
The Canadian runs over 4,300 kilometers through Canada’s vastness from Toronto over the Rocky Mountains to Vancouver on the Pacific. The VIA Rail company travels three times a week on the three-and-a-half-day tour.
- The Indian Pacific
The Trans-Australian Railway is also a superlative train: on its east-west direction, it covers 4,352 kilometers from Sydney to Perth in Western Australia. The Indian Pacific needs about 65 hours for this.
- The Texas Eagle
The Texan eagle goes on North America’s longest train journey. The Amtrak train runs from Chicago / Michigan first south to San Antonia in Texas, then west to Los Angeles. The Superliner trains need just under 69 hours to cover the 4,390-kilometer route.
- The Rovos Rail
On this route you can experience wild Africa from the wing chair, more precisely from the rear of the old, historic saloon car. Rovos Rail operates on several routes through South Africa to the Tanzanian Dar es Salaam.
The 6,100-kilometer route leads through Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia to the east coast of Africa. There are stopovers at various impressive natural wonders, such as in the Rift Valley or the Victoria Falls.
- Tsar gold
Tsar Gold is the name of the special train that runs from Moscow along the Russian Baikal Lake through the Gobi desert to China’s capital Beijing. The route is 7,800 kilometers long. There are up to five different compartment categories on the train. The special train journey includes various excursions and takes a total of 16 days.
- The Trans-Siberian
The Trans-Siberian Railway still runs on the longest railway line in the world:
The journey from Moscow to Vladivostok on the Pacific Ocean covers 9,280 kilometers. You travel seven days on the regular liner train – however, individual or group travelers plan numerous stopovers and therefore need two to three weeks for their adventure trip.