Time zone: CET
Total area: 551,500 km²
Land area: 549,970 km²
Water area: 1,530 km²
Length of the state border: 2,751 km
Andorra: 55 km
Belgium: 556 km
Germany: 418 km
Italy: 476 km
Luxembourg: 69 km
Monaco: 6 km
Switzerland: 525 km
Spain: 646 km
Coastline: 3,427 km
Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Center, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardy, Poitou-Charentes, Provence-Alpes-Cote d Azur, Rhone-Alpes
Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 33 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m
Population: approx. 66.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.4% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 120
Life expectancy: 79 (male), 85 (female)
Official language: French
- 85% Roman Catholic
- 2% Protestants
- 13% other
In the prevailing European climate, the winter months are constantly cold and the summer months are mild. The climate on the Mediterranean coast is more moderate.
The average temperature in summer is 27 ° C and in winter 13 ° C.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)
Division: 1 € = 100 cents
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
After the attacks in Paris in November 2015, checks on people and luggage at train stations and airports were tightened again.
Long waiting times must therefore be expected. Any luggage carried must be marked with name and address. This also applies if you are traveling by train.
Agriculture is one of the largest branches of industry alongside tourism. France is particularly known for exporting its various types of wine.
Industries: automotive, chemical, aircraft, agriculture, mechanical engineering, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: iron ore, fish, wood, coal
- Usable land: 33%
- Grain cultivation: 2%
- Pasture area: 20%
- Forests: 27%
- other: 18%
Almost all types of plants and trees that exist in Europe can be found in France.
Beech, oak, spruce, pine and fir are just as much a part of it as the various types of grass and moss.
Foxes, chamois, deer, roe deer and wild boar live in the higher regions of the country.
In the forests and plains of the lowlands there are mainly small animal species and many insects.