France Guide

France Guide

Country data

Location: Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 551,500 km²

Land area: 549,970 km²

Water area: 1,530 km²

Length of the state border: 2,751 km

Bordering countries:
Andorra: 55 km
Belgium: 556 km
Germany: 418 km
Italy: 476 km
Luxembourg: 69 km
Monaco: 6 km
Switzerland: 525 km
Spain: 646 km

Coastline: 3,427 km

Capital: Paris

Provinces: 22
Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Center, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardy, Poitou-Charentes, Provence-Alpes-Cote d Azur, Rhone-Alpes

Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 33 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m


Population: approx. 66.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 120

Life expectancy: 79 (male), 85 (female)

Official language: French


  • 85% Roman Catholic
  • 2% Protestants
  • 13% other


In the prevailing European climate, the winter months are constantly cold and the summer months are mild. The climate on the Mediterranean coast is more moderate.

The average temperature in summer is 27 ° C and in winter 13 ° C.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

After the attacks in Paris in November 2015, checks on people and luggage at train stations and airports were tightened again.

Long waiting times must therefore be expected. Any luggage carried must be marked with name and address. This also applies if you are traveling by train.


Agriculture is one of the largest branches of industry alongside tourism. France is particularly known for exporting its various types of wine.

Industries: automotive, chemical, aircraft, agriculture, mechanical engineering, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: iron ore, fish, wood, coal

Land use:

  • Usable land: 33%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 27%
  • other: 18%


Almost all types of plants and trees that exist in Europe can be found in France.

Beech, oak, spruce, pine and fir are just as much a part of it as the various types of grass and moss.


Foxes, chamois, deer, roe deer and wild boar live in the higher regions of the country.

In the forests and plains of the lowlands there are mainly small animal species and many insects.

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