Vietnam Guide

Vietnam Guide

Vietnam – country information

Country name Vietnam
Official name Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Capital Hanoi
Continent Asia
Area 331,689 km2
Population 89,708,900 (2013)
Foundation of a state 2/9/1945
The highest mountains Phan Si Pan 3,142 m
Longest rivers Mekong 4500 km (inland 260 km), Red River 805 km (inland 450 km)
State system a republic with a one political party system and a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Ho Chi Minh City/Saigon 4,400,000, Hanoi (Capital) 2,650,000, Hainphong 1,350,000
Official language Vietnamese
Ethnicity/National Composition Vietnamese 87.5%, Chinese 1.8%, Tho groups 1.7%, Thai 1.5%, Khmer 1.4%, Muong 1.3%, Nung 1%, others 3.8%
Religious affiliation Buddhist 58%, Roman Catholic 6.5%, Muslim 1%, other 34.5%
Currency 1 dong = 10 hao = 100 xu
gross domestic product (GDP) US$3,788 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 70.85 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 30%, mining and industry 24%, construction 5%, services 41%

Vietnam – neighboring countries

State Capital Area Population
China Peking 9,640,820 km2 1,363,350,000
Cambodia Phnom Penh 181,035 km2 15,135,000
Laos Vientiane 236,800 km2 6,580,800

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Vietnam is located on the east coast of the Indian Peninsula. He has centuries of experience with foreign domination and the struggle for the liberation and unification of the country.

Country data

Location: Southeast Asia

Time zone: CET + 6 (during European summer time: CET + 5)

Total area: 331,210 km²

Land area: 310,070 km²

Water area: 21,140 km²

Length of the state border: 4,639 km

Bordering countries are accounted for:
China: 1,281 km
Laos: 2,130 km
Cambodia: 1,228 km

Coastline: 3,444 km

Capital: Hanoi

Provinces: 63
An Giang, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Can Tho, Cao Bang, Da Nang, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Dien Bien, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Ha Nam, Ha Noi, Ha Tinh, Hai Duong, Hai Phong, Hau Giang, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hoa Binh, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, Yen Bai

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 84 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m


Population: approx. 93.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 282

Life expectancy: 70 (male), 76 (female)

Official language: Vietnamese


  • 9% Buddhists
  • 7% Roman Catholic
  • 84% other


The climate in Vietnam can be divided into two zones.

In the north there is a subtropical climate zone. Most days of the year the temperature here is between 25-30 ° C. Especially in the summer months of June and July, however, this can also rise to 40 ° C.

In the winter months (December / January) the daytime temperature is 15-18 ° C. There is increased humidity all year round.


In southern Vietnam, the climate is more tropical. The temperatures are on average 2-3 ° C above those in the north of the country.

The hottest months last from mid-March to early May and are difficult for Europeans to endure. The humidity is much higher all year round.

The main rainy season is in the autumn months of August and September.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Đồng (VND)

Classification: 1 Đồng = 10 Hào = 100 Xu

ATMs: Available in the major cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is not permitted.

The import of foreign currencies is permitted in unlimited amounts. The export is limited to the amount declared upon import.

If larger sums of cash (over US $ 7,000) are imported, there is an obligation to declare. However, it is advisable to have lower sums declared.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 50 g tobacco
  • 1.5 liters of alcoholic beverages over 22% or 2 liters of alcoholic beverages under 22%
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There is an import and export ban on pornographic literature, weapons and narcotics of all kinds.

Antiques may only be exported with a special permit. However, this is practically never granted by the authorities.

Travel advice

Violent crime has increased particularly in the tourist conurbations. You should be very careful when handling money, jewelry, and identification documents.

Behavioral advice

Dengue is currently spreading rapidly in Vietnam. You should also use mosquito repellent during the day, for example by wearing long clothes and using mosquito repellants.

Tap water is usually not suitable for consumption. For preparing food and drinking, you should therefore only use the originally sealed mineral water bottles.

Military installations, harbors and airfields may not be photographed.


For many years Vietnam has been a poor agricultural country in which, due to the tropical climate, many agricultural products are grown.

These are, for example, bananas, coffee, rice and tea.

Although there are many different mineral resources, there is hardly any production because of the poor financial situation and the lack of infrastructure.

Industries: mining, chemistry, agriculture, food production, mechanical engineering, textile production

Natural resources: bauxite, natural gas, oil, wood, coal, magan, phosphates, hydropower

Land use:

  • Land: 17%
  • Grain cultivation: 4%
  • Pasture area: 1%
  • Forests: 30%
  • other: 48%


In the last few decades the stock of trees has been greatly reduced for economic reasons. Of the former 70% of the land area, only about 30% are now forested.

With the sale of precious woods and the use of the free space for agriculture, an attempt was made to rehabilitate the state budget.

Many different types of plants and flowers thrive in the tropical climate. Many of them are used as medicinal herbs in traditional Vietnamese medicine.


The number of animals has been severely decimated by the years of war.

Among the large wild animals, there are still isolated specimens of elephants, leopards, tigers and water buffalo to be seen.

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