Venezuela Guide

Venezuela Guide

Country data

Location: Northern South America

Time zone: CET – 5.5 (during summer time: CET – 6.5)

Total area: 912,050 km²

Land area: 882,050 km²

Water area: 30,000 km²

Length of the state border: 4,993 km

Bordering countries are accounted for:
Brazil: 2,200 km
Guyana: 743 km
Colombia: 2,050 km

Coastline: 2,800 km

Capital: Caracas

Regions: 25
Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Vargas, Yaracuy, Zulia

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 58 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Pico Bolivar 5,007 m


Population: approx. 28.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 32

Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: Spanish


  • 96% Roman Catholic
  • 2% Protestants
  • 2% other


There is a tropical climate in the plains and a moderate climate in the mountains. It can get quite cold at altitudes above 2,000 m. The rainy season lasts from May to December.


With increasing altitude from sea level, the humidity decreases (from 90% in the lowlands to about 60% in the mountains).

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Bolivar (VEF)

Classification: 1 bolivar = 100 céntimos

ATMs: Available in the major cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by some of the larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts.

The export is allowed in the amount of the declared import minus the exchanged amounts. You should keep all bills of exchange in a safe place until your departure.

As a foreign currency, US dollars are recommended as this is the easiest to change.

Cash payment is common in the interior of the country.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There have been violent riots recently due to political unrest. There are also frequent demonstrations that have not been announced in advance.

You should therefore avoid large gatherings of people.

In May 2016, the government declared a state of emergency across the country.

The supply situation has deteriorated in all areas of the economy. There are always bottlenecks in the supply of drinking water, food, medical products and electricity.

Behavioral advice

You should only exchange money in approved banks, otherwise you run the risk of being cheated.

There have been isolated attacks and thefts by uniformed perpetrators.

In the border areas with Colombia, the risk of becoming a victim of violent crime is higher than in other parts of the country. Travel to this region is not recommended.


Most of the economy is geared towards the extraction and processing of crude oil.

Most of the natural resources that are mined in Venezuela are intended for export.

Since agriculture does not produce enough food for self-sufficiency, a lot of food also has to be imported.

Industries: aluminum processing, building materials, natural gas and oil production, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: bauxite, diamonds, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, gold, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 4%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 34%
  • other: 41%
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