Uzbekistan Guide

Uzbekistan Guide

Uzbekistan – country information

Country name Uzbekistan
Official name Republic of Uzbekistan
Capital Tashkent
Continent Asia
Area 447,400 km2
Population 30,183,400 (2013)
Foundation of a state 1/9/1991
The highest mountains 4299 in Talassky Alatau
Longest rivers Amu Darya 2539 km (in the country about 800 km), Syr Darya 2212 km (in the country 350 km)
The largest lakes Aral Sea 37,500 km 2 (originally 66,300 km 2)
State system a republic with a unicameral parliament, a de facto one-party system of government
The biggest cities Tashkent (capital) 2,250,000, Samarkand 405,000, Namangan 355,000
Official language Uzbek
Ethnicity/National Composition Uzbeks 73%, Russians 8%, Tajiks 4.8%, Kazakhs 4.1%, Tatars 2.2%, Karakalpaks 2.1%, Koreans 0.9%, Kyrgyz 0.9%, Crimean Tatars 0.8%, others 3.2%
Religious affiliation predominantly Sunni Islam
Currency 1 sum coupon
gross domestic product (GDP) US$3,523 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 64.58 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 32%, mining and industry 25%, construction 5%, services 38%

Uzbekistan – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Afghanistan Kabul 652,090 km2 25,500,100
Kazakhstan Astana 2,724,900 km2 17,186,000
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 199,900 km2 5,663,133
Tajikistan Dushanbe 143,100 km2 8,160,000
Turkmenistan Ashgabat 488,100 km2 5,240,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the former Uzbek Soviet Republic stretches across Central Asia from the Caspian deserts in the west to the interior of the Pamir and Tien Shan mountain ranges. It was once led by the legendary Silk Road from China.

Country data

Location: Central Asia

Time zone: CET + 4 (during summer time: CET + 3)

Total area: 447,400 km²

Land area: 425,400 km²

Water area: 22,000 km²

Length of the state border: 6,221 km

Bordering countries:
Afghanistan: 137 km
Kazakhstan: 2,203 km
Kyrgyzstan: 1,099 km
Tajikistan: 1,161 km
Turkmenistan: 1,621 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Tashkent

Regions: 14
Andijon Wiloyati, Bukhoro Wiloyati, Farghona Wiloyati, Jizzakh Wiloyati, Khorazm Wiloyati, Namangan Wiloyati, Nawoiy Wiloyati, Qashqadaryo Wiloyati, Qoraqalpoghiston, Samarqand Wiloyati, Sirdaryo Wiloyentati, Tirdaryo Wiloyentati, Surkhondoyoshoyo

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 998 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m


Population: approx. 29 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.9% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 65

Life expectancy: 70 (male), 77 (female)

Official language: Uzbek


  • 88% Muslim
  • 9% Orthodox
  • 3% other


Summer time in Uzbekistan lasts a little over half a year. The daytime temperature is often above 30 ° C with very low humidity.


In the short winter time (around 2 months) the temperature drops rapidly. Daily values ​​around freezing point are normal. It gets coldest in the higher regions. Sometimes snow falls here at temperatures around -20 ° C.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Som (UZS)

Classification: 1 som = 100 tiyin

ATMs: Some machines accept credit cards.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a few larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts.

The export of foreign currency is allowed in the amount of the declared import. There is an obligation to declare.

You must keep all exchange receipts and invoices that you receive until you leave the country. Changing money on the black market is severely punished.

When you leave the country, there are sometimes very strict controls.

In general, cash payments are common. Foreigners also often have to pay in foreign currency.

You should carry US dollars in small denominations as foreign currency. The notes should be as new and undamaged as possible.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 1,000 cigarettes or 1,000 g of other tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Documents, pictures and newspapers directed against the Republic of Uzbekistan or containing articles critical to it may not be imported.

The export of antiques (older than 75 years) is prohibited.

Travel advice

Many border crossings are only open during the day and cannot be passed at night.

Travel to the border area outside the official border crossings is not recommended.


Agriculture is the most important branch of industry and serves for the self-sufficiency of the population.

Cotton is grown on large areas, which brings in the largest share of foreign currency for export.

The production of natural gas, gold and copper has also increased significantly.

Industries: natural gas extraction, agriculture, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing, textiles

Natural resources: lead, natural gas, petroleum, gold, coal, copper, silver, uranium, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 9%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 46%
  • Forests: 3%
  • other: 41%
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