Uruguay Guide

Uruguay Guide

Country data

Location: South America

Time zone: CET – 4 (during summer time: CET – 5)

Total area: 176,215 km²

Land area: 175,015 km²

Water area: 1,200 km²

Length of the state border: 1,648 km

Bordering countries:
Argentina: 580 km
Brazil: 1,068 km

Coastline: 660 km

Capital: Montevideo

Departments: 19
Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 598 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Cerro Cathedral 514 m


Population: approx. 3.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 19

Life expectancy: 74 (male), 80 (female)

Official language: Spanish


  • 47% Roman Catholic
  • 53% other


Due to the location south of the equator, the seasons are opposite to those in Europe.

In the moderate climate there is no fixed rainy season. However, the humidity is often very high, especially in the morning hours.


During the summer months from early December to mid-March, daytime temperatures are often above 30 ° C. Winter lasts from mid-May to mid-September. During the day the temperature is 7-14 ° C.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Uruguayan Peso (UYU)

Classification: 1 Peso = 100 Centésimos

ATMs: Occasionally available in the larger cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Outside the big cities, cash payments are common.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 500 g tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Behavioral advice

Crime has continued to rise in recent years. Robbery and theft in particular have increased sharply.

You should therefore keep money and valuables (jewelry, mobile phones, cameras, etc.) out of sight.


Agriculture is the largest industry in the country. Many cultivated and animal products are exported.

In order to develop further sources of income, the government is trying to build up a tourism industry.

Industries: chemistry, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: ores, fish, farmland, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 7%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 78%
  • Forests: 6%
  • other: 9%


In order to gain areas for agricultural use and cattle breeding, large parts of the formerly densely forested land were cleared. Only about 6% of the country’s area consists of forests.

Various types of grass and bushes still grow on the banks of the rivers.


There are hardly any wild animals due to the lack of living space. Occasionally you can still see foxes, jaguars, pumas and some red deer.

However, there are plenty of farm animals. Over 20 million sheep and more than 10 million cattle secure the country’s needs and at the same time bring the necessary foreign currency through exports.

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