United States Guide

United States Guide

USA – country information

Country name USA
Official name United States of America
Capital Washington, DC
Continent North America
Area 9,629,090 km2
Population 317,706,000 (2014)
Foundation of a state 4/7/1776
The highest mountains McKinley 6194m, Whitney 4418m
Longest rivers Mississippi – Missouri 6020 km
The largest lakes Lake Superior (part) 83,270 km2
State system pluralist federal presidential republic with a bicameral parliament – Congress
The biggest cities New York 18,150,000, Los Angeles 14,650,000, Chicago 8,240,000, San Francisco 6,325,000, Philadelphia 5,975,000, Detroit 4,690,000, Dallas 3,950,000, Boston 4,180,000, Washington (capital) 3 975,000, Houston 3,775,000, Miami 3,275,000, Atlanta 2,925,000
Official language English
Ethnicity/National Composition European 75.2%, African 12.1%, Hispanic 9%, Asian and Pacific Islander 2.9%, Native American and Eskimo 0.8%
Religious affiliation Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 29%, Jewish 3.2%, Orthodox 2.3%, Muslim 1.9%, Hindu 0.2%, no religion 6.8%, other 1.6%
Currency 1 US dollar = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$51,704 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 77.85 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 2.1%, mining 1.7%, industry 21.6%, construction 4.8%, services 69.8%

USA – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Canada Ottawa 9,970,610 km2 35,295,770
Mexico Mexico City 1,958,200 km2 119,713,203

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the United States of America occupies almost 40% of the area of ​​North America. It borders Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. They are washed by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The main part contains 48 of the total number of 50 US states. The other two states are Alaska, which forms the northwestern tip of North America, and the group of Hawaiian Islands in the central part of the Pacific Ocean. Overseas territories include Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean Sea, Guam, American Samoa, the Midway Islands and Wake Island in the Pacific.

The USA is the third largest country in the world. Only Russia and Canada are larger in area, and China and India are larger in population. Economically and in terms of political and cultural influence, the USA is the first country in the world. It owes its position to great natural wealth, a long tradition of a democratic society, a varied national composition and a strong national identity.

Country data

Location: North America

Time zone: CET – 6 (New York) or CET – 9 (California)

Total area: 9,826,675 km²

Land area: 9,161,966 km²

Water area: 664,709 km²

Length of the state border: 12,063 km

Bordering countries:
Canada: 8,893 km
Cuba: 29 km (through the US base on Guantanamo Bay)
Mexico: 3,141 km

Coastline: 19,924 km

Capital: Washington, DC

States: 50
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, California, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 1 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mount McKinley 6,194 m


Population: approx. 319 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.8% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 32

Life expectancy: 77 (male), 82 (female)

Official language: English


  • 51% Protestants
  • 24% Roman Catholic
  • 25% other


West (Pacific Coast):

  • temperate to subtropical climate
  • most rain falls in winter

East of the country (Atlantic coast):

  • Summer months are pleasantly warm, winter months are very cold
  • Humidity can get very high in the summer months
  • Rainfall evenly distributed over the year

Gulf region:

  • very hot summer months
  • mild winters (almost always above 0 ° C)
  • a lot of rain in autumn and winter

Central plateau:

  • it is warm all year round
  • Precipitation is very rare

Currency / finance

Currency unit: US dollar (USD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. A declaration is required from an equivalent value of 10,000 US dollars.

United States

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 2,000 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 21 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

An English-language doctor’s certificate must be carried with you for all medication you bring with you.

There is an import ban for:

  • Weapons and ammunition
  • pornographic articles
  • All kinds of food
  • Plants of all kinds

Travel advice

The controls on entry and exit have become very strict. Longer handling times are to be expected.

The instructions of the security staff should be followed.


The USA, as the largest economic power in the world, has a diversified industry. Almost all existing branches of industry exist.

Natural resources: bauxite, lead, iron, natural gas, petroleum, gold, wood, coal, copper, molybdenum, nickel, phosphates, silver, uranium, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 19%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 30%
  • other: 26%
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