United Kingdom Guide

United Kingdom Guide

Country data

Location: Western Europe

Time zone: CET – 1

Total area: 243,610 km²

Land area: 241,930 km²

Water area: 1,680 km²

Length of the state border: 360 km

Bordering countries: Ireland: 360 km

Coastline: 12,429 km

Capital: London

Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 44 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

Population

Population: approx. 63.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.5% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 261

Life expectancy: 78 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: English

Religions:

  • 60% Christians
  • 4% Muslim
  • 1% Hindus
  • 35% other

Climate

During the summer months the average temperature is around 20 ° C. In the east of the country it is usually a little warmer than in the west.

United Kingdom

With temperatures of around 3 ° C, winter is quite mild.

The humidity is high all year round. Precipitation must always be expected.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: pound sterling (GBP)

Division: 1 pound = 100 pence

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

Due to the threat posed by international terrorism, increased security controls are in place. Longer waiting times at airports should be planned for when traveling.

Economy

As one of the leading industrial countries, the UK has a diversified economy.

Industries: chemistry, vehicle construction, aircraft construction, wood processing, mechanical engineering, oil production, shipbuilding, tourism

Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, oil, lime, coal, farmland, salt

Land use:

  • Usable land: 25%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 46%
  • Forests: 10%
  • other: 19%

Plants

In the marshland and moors there are many different types of grass and plants that are typical of Great Britain.

The humid climate is ideal for the flora to grow.

Due to human settlement and the associated expansion of the cities, the flora was also strongly pushed back. Many forests were cut down to obtain agricultural land.

Animals

Most of the large wild animals are extinct. Only a few red deer can still be found in the forests.

Many small vertebrates, insects and bird species populate all areas of the island.

Biodiversity is also still very high in the waters in and around Great Britain.

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