United Arab Emirates Guide

United Arab Emirates Guide

United Arab Emirates – country information

Country name United Arab Emirates
Official name United Arab Emirates
Capital Abu Dhabi
continent Asia
Area 83,600 km
Population 8 264 070 (2010)
Foundation of a state 2. 12. 1971
The highest mountains Jabal Hafib 1527 m
State system federative absolute monarchy with an appointed advisory body
The biggest cities Dubai 625,000, Abu Dhabi (capital) 410,000, Sharjah 150,000
Official language Arabic
Ethnicity/National Composition Arabs 84% ​​(indigenous 30%), Pakistanis and Indians 12%, Iranians 2%, Africans 1%, others 1%
Religious affiliation Sunni Muslims 75%, Shia Muslims 19%, Christians 3.5%, others 2.5%
Currency 1 dirham SAE (Dh) = 100 filsů
gross domestic product (GDP) US$29,176 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 75.44 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 2%, mining 41%, industry 10%, construction 8.5%, services 38.5%

United Arab Emirates – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Populace
Oman masks 309 500 km 3 957 000
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 2,149,690 km 29 994 272

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), formerly the Treaty of Oman, is a federation of seven emirates on the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. To the northwest of the UAE lies Qatar, to the south Saudi Arabia and to the east Oman. From west to east lie the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. The Emirate of Fujairah is already located on the Musandam Peninsula off the coast of the Gulf of Oman.

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 3 (during summer time: CET + 2)

Total area: 83,600 km²

Land area: 83,600 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 1,066 km

Bordering countries:
Oman: 609 km
Saudi Arabia: 457 km

Coastline: 1,318 km

Capital: Abu Dhabi

Emirates: 7
Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), ‘Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra’s al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 971 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m


Population: approx. 5.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.7% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 67

Life expectancy: 75 (male), 80 (female)

Official language: Arabic


  • 76% Muslim
  • 9% Christians
  • 15% other


It is very hot, especially in the summer months from mid-April to the end of September. The daytime temperature often rises to values ​​of up to 50 ° C.

United Arab Emirates

During the cooler period (January / February), daily values ​​in the range of 25-35 ° C are normal.

Rain falls very rarely all year round.

However, near the coast, the humidity is always very high.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Dirham (AED)

Classification: 1 dirham = 100 fils

ATMs: Available in most cities and shopping malls.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 500 g tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There is an import ban for the following items:

  • Weapons of all kinds
  • Drugs of all kinds
  • western literature of all kinds
  • Were of Israeli origin
  • fish and seafood
  • Natural and cultured pearls

Travel advice

Due to the situation in the Middle East, one should be vigilant in public and avoid large crowds.

Behavioral advice

In your behavior, you should respect the religious, political, and cultural traditions of the country.


The formerly very poor region was able to develop into a rich center through the extraction and export of oil.

Industries: chemistry, natural gas and oil production, fishing, tourism

Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum

Land use:

  • Usable land: 0%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 2%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 98%


Most of the areas consist of flat plains with dry salt lakes and desert areas. Plants are only found in the oases, where there is a high biodiversity.

Many species of plants and trees were imported from other countries. The financial wealth of the emirates creates artificial oases and keeps them alive.


The dromedary (camel with a hump) is the most common. As a pack animal for transporting goods and riding, it is particularly suitable for the desert climate.

Vultures, ravens and scavengers are also at home in the barren regions.

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