Uganda – country information
|Official name||Republic of Uganda|
|The highest mountains||Margherita/Ngaliema 5,109m (Ruwenzori)|
|Longest rivers||Nile (in country 850 km)|
|The largest lakes||Ukerewe 68,800 km2|
|State system||transitional military government|
|The biggest cities||Kampala (Capital) 875,000, Jinja 75,000|
|Official language||English, Swahili|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||groups Ganda 18%, Teso 9%, Nkole 8.2%, Soga 8.2%, Gisu 7.2%, Chiga 6.8%, Lango 6%, Rwanda 5.8%, others 30.8%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholics 50%, Protestants 29%, Muslims 6.5%, others 14.5%|
|Currency||1 Uganda Shilling (U Sh) = 100 cents|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$1,424 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||52.67 years (2006)|
Uganda – Neighboring States
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa||2,344,860 km2||67,514,000|
|South Sudan||Dzuba||644,329 km2||10,625,176|
|Tanzania||At home||945,087 km2||44,928,923|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa that has been wracked by war in recent decades, but has been slowly returning to stability since 1986.
Uganda is a country in East Africa. Common borders in the north – with South Sudan, in the west – with the Congo, in the south – with Rwanda, Tanzania, in the east – with Kenya. The name comes from the kingdom of Buganda, which covered part of the south of the country, including the city of Kampala.
The capital is Kampala. The official languages are English and Swahili. Currency – Ugandan shilling.
The climate is subequatorial, softened by a significant height of the surface. Daytime temperatures in most areas range from +17*С to +28*С. The amount of rainfall is significant. Thanks to this, farmers can harvest two crops a year. The period of heavy rains – in March and September in the south of the country, in the north – about a month earlier. Wet and dry seasons are clearly distinguished.
There are elephants, hippos, buffaloes, antelopes, giraffes, lions, leopards, monkeys, rhinos, crocodiles, snakes, tsetse flies and malarial mosquitoes.
Most of the country’s territory is located at an altitude of 900-1500 m above sea level. The territory is bounded by mountains on almost all sides – on the eastern side, on the border with Kenya, there is Mount Elgon with a height of 4321 m.
The first Europeans appeared on the territory of Uganda in 1860.
Countries where March 8 is officially celebrated:
Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Vietnam, Guinea-Bissau, Zambia, Cambodia, Kiribati, China, Costa Rica, Cuba, Laos, Madagascar, Moldova, Mongolia, Nepal, Russia, Serbia, Uganda, Ukraine, Croatia, Montenegro, Eritrea.
Uganda is an agrarian underdeveloped country. Main industries: copper smelting, textile, cement, food. Transport – road, rail, navigation on lakes Victoria and Kyoga.
Location: East Africa
Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 1)
Total area: 241,038 km²
Land area: 197,100 km²
Water area: 43,938 km²
Length of the state border: 2,698 km
Kenya: 933 km
Congo, Democratic Rep.: 765 km
Rwanda: 169 km
South Sudan: 435 km
Tanzania: 396 km
Coastline: 0 km
Abim, Adjumani, Agago, Alebtong, Amolatar, Amudat, Amuria, Amuru, Apac, Arua, Budaka, Bududa, Bugiri, Buhweju, Buikwe, Bukedea, Bukomansimbi, Bukwa, Bulambuli, Buliisa, Bundibugyo, Bushenyi, Busia, Butaleja, Butambala, Buvuma, Buyende, Dokolo, Gomba, Gulu, Hoima, Ibanda, Iganga, Isingiro, Jinja, Kaabong, Kabale, Kabarole, Kaberamaido, Kalangala, Kaliro, Kalungu, Kampala, Kamuli, Kamwenge, Kanungu, Kapchorwa, Kasese, Katakwi, Kayunga, Kibaale, Kiboga, Kibuku, Kiruhura, Kiryandongo, Kisoro, Kitgum, Koboko, Kole, Kotido, Kumi, Kween, Kyankwanzi, Kyegegwa, Kyenjojo, Lamwo, Lira, Luuka, Luwero, Lwengo, Lyantonde, Manafwa, Maracha, Masaka Mayuge, Mbale, Mbarara, Mitooma, Mityana, Moroto, Moyo, Mpigi, Mubende, Mukono, Nakapiripirit, Nakaseke, Nakasongola, Namayingo, Namutumba, Napak, Nebbi, Ngora, Ntoroko, Nebbi, Ngora, Nwoya, Otuke, OyamtungPallisa, Rakai, Rubirizi, Rukungiri, Sembabule, Serere, Sheema, Sironko, Soroti, Tororo, Wakiso, Yumbe, Zombo
Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 256 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Margherita Peak 5,110 m
Population: approx. 36 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 3.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 149
Life expectancy: 53 (male), 56 (female)
Official language: Swahili, English
- 42% Protestants
- 42% Roman Catholic
- 12% Muslim
- 4% other
Due to the proximity to the equator, the climate is very pleasant. In some regions it is a little cooler due to the altitude (over 1,000 m). The temperatures are between 15 and 35 ° C.
Heavy rains, which degenerate into very heavy thunderstorms, occur in the periods from March to May and October to November.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Ugandan Shilling (UGX)
Classification: 1 shilling = 100 cents
ATMs: There are ATMs in individual banks in Kampala, Jinja or Mbarara.
International credit cards: These are rarely accepted. Primarily from some hotels and airlines in Kampala.
Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is prohibited. There is no limit to the number of foreign currencies that can be imported and exported.
You should only exchange the amounts actually required, as it is often very difficult to exchange them back. Often only with large price losses.
As a foreign currency, it is recommended to take US dollars with you. In general, however, only banknotes issued from 2002 onwards are accepted.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 225 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
The importation of weapons, drugs and pornographic material is prohibited and can lead to arrest and heavy fines.
There is a security risk for travelers throughout the country of Uganda. The areas in the north and the entire border region with the Democratic Republic of the Congo are particularly at risk.
There are isolated rebel activities in some mountain regions.
Photographing airports, military facilities and uniformed people is prohibited.
In the case of serious illnesses, especially if medical interventions are necessary, you should only have them treated in Europe!
Since the medical care is far below the European standard, we urgently recommend that you take out health insurance abroad!
- Always wash fruits and vegetables with BOILED water
- Only drink boiled water and milk
Agriculture, the largest branch of the economy, generates over half of Uganda’s gross national product. Since over 80% of the people work here, it is also the largest employer. In addition to coffee (the main export), cocoa, tobacco and sugar beet are grown.
In the industrial sector, household items, textiles, cement and articles for everyday use are produced.
Industries: agriculture, tobacco growing, textiles, cement, sugar growing
Natural resources: limestone, cobalt, copper, agricultural land, salt, hydropower
- Usable land: 25%
- Grain cultivation: 9%
- Pasture area: 9%
- Forests: 28%
- other: 29%
Since large areas in the interior have been cleared for people, there are only a few areas with rainforests.
Especially in the north and west of the country there are large areas in which only dry savannas predominate.
There are many extensive swamp areas near Lake Kyoga.
Uganda’s diverse wildlife is protected in numerous national parks and game reserves.
Wildlife viewing safaris can be booked locally in some national parks.