Tonga Guide

Tonga Guide

Tonga – country information

Country name Tonga
Official name Kingdom of Tonga
Capital Nuku’alofa
Continent Australia and Oceania
Area 747 km2
Population 103,036 (2011)
Foundation of a state 4/6/1970
The highest mountains highest point 1030 m (on Kao Island)
State system a constitutional monarchy without political parties with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Nuku’alofa (On Tongatapu) (Capital) 35,000
Official language Tongan, English
Ethnicity/National Composition Tongans 95.5%, mixed with Tongans 2.8%, others 1.7%
Religious affiliation Protestant 61.5%, Roman Catholic 16%, Mormon 12.5%, other 10%
Currency 1 pa’anga (T$ =) = 100 seniti
gross domestic product (GDP) US$7,987 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 69.82 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 32%, mining 1%, industry 10.5%, construction 5.5%, services 51%

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Tonga is an island nation in the southwest Pacific Ocean located southwest of Western Samoa and east of Fiji. The King of Tonga established a constitutional monarchy in 1875, and his system of government survives practically unchanged to this day.

Country data

Location: South Pacific Ocean

Time zone: CET + 12 (during summer time: CET + 11)

Total area: 747 km²

Land area: 717 km²

Water area: 30 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 419 km

Capital: Nuku’alofa

Archipelagos: 5
‘Eua, Ha’apai, Ongo Niua, Tongatapu, Vava’u

Electric current: 240 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 676 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: 1,033 m (on Kao Island)


Population: approx. 106,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 142

Life expectancy: 74 (male), 77 (female)

Official language: Tongan, English


  • 65% Protestants
  • 16% Mormons
  • 15% Roman Catholic
  • 4% other


The summer months from the end of November to the end of March are the warmest with an average daily temperature of 25-30 ° C. However, most of the rain falls in this region at this time.


With temperatures around 20 ° C, it is still pleasantly warm in winter from June to August. It only rains occasionally, but the humidity is almost always over 70%.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Paanga (T $)

Classification: 1 Paangaa = 100 Seniti

ATMs: unknown

International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The importation of weapons, drugs and pornographic literature is prohibited.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Tonga.


Tonga’s industry is geared towards self-sufficiency in agriculture.

Industries: fishing, tourism

Natural resources: fish

Land use:

  • Usable land: 24%
  • Grain cultivation: 43%
  • Pasture area: 6%
  • Forests: 11%
  • other: 16%
Comments are closed.