Tonga – country information
|Official name||Kingdom of Tonga|
|Continent||Australia and Oceania|
|Foundation of a state||4/6/1970|
|The highest mountains||highest point 1030 m (on Kao Island)|
|State system||a constitutional monarchy without political parties with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Nuku’alofa (On Tongatapu) (Capital) 35,000|
|Official language||Tongan, English|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Tongans 95.5%, mixed with Tongans 2.8%, others 1.7%|
|Religious affiliation||Protestant 61.5%, Roman Catholic 16%, Mormon 12.5%, other 10%|
|Currency||1 pa’anga (T$ =) = 100 seniti|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$7,987 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||69.82 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 32%, mining 1%, industry 10.5%, construction 5.5%, services 51%|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Tonga is an island nation in the southwest Pacific Ocean located southwest of Western Samoa and east of Fiji. The King of Tonga established a constitutional monarchy in 1875, and his system of government survives practically unchanged to this day.
Location: South Pacific Ocean
Time zone: CET + 12 (during summer time: CET + 11)
Total area: 747 km²
Land area: 717 km²
Water area: 30 km²
Length of the state border: 0 km
Coastline: 419 km
‘Eua, Ha’apai, Ongo Niua, Tongatapu, Vava’u
Electric current: 240 V / 60 Hz
Telephone code: 00 676 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: 1,033 m (on Kao Island)
Population: approx. 106,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 142
Life expectancy: 74 (male), 77 (female)
Official language: Tongan, English
- 65% Protestants
- 16% Mormons
- 15% Roman Catholic
- 4% other
The summer months from the end of November to the end of March are the warmest with an average daily temperature of 25-30 ° C. However, most of the rain falls in this region at this time.
With temperatures around 20 ° C, it is still pleasantly warm in winter from June to August. It only rains occasionally, but the humidity is almost always over 70%.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Paanga (T $)
Classification: 1 Paangaa = 100 Seniti
International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
The importation of weapons, drugs and pornographic literature is prohibited.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Tonga.
Tonga’s industry is geared towards self-sufficiency in agriculture.
Industries: fishing, tourism
Natural resources: fish
- Usable land: 24%
- Grain cultivation: 43%
- Pasture area: 6%
- Forests: 11%
- other: 16%