Thailand Guide

Thailand Guide

Thailand – country information

Country name Thailand
Official name Kingdom of Thailand
Capital Bangkok (Krung Thep)
Continent Asia
Area 513,115 km2
Population 65,926,261 (2010)
Foundation of a state 1/1/1238
The highest mountains Doi Inthanon 2595 m
Longest rivers Chao Phraya (Menam) 865 km, Mekong 4500 km (inland 900 km)
State system pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Krung Thep/Bangkok (capital) 6,250,000 (agglomeration 9 million), Nakhon Ratchasima 310,000, Nothaburi 290,000
Official language Thai
Ethnicity/National Composition Thai (Siamese) 54%, Lao 27%, Chinese 12%, Malay 3.5%, Khmer 2.5%, others 1%
Religious affiliation Buddhist 94.5%, Muslim 4%, Christian 0.5%, other 1%
Currency 1 bath = 100 stang
gross domestic product (GDP) US$9,503 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 72.25 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 11.5%, mining 3.5%, industry 29%, construction 7%, services 49%

Thailand – neighboring countries

State Capital Area Population
Burma (Myanmar) Naypyidaw 676,578 km2 53,259,000
Cambodia Phnom Penh 181,035 km2 15,135,000
Laos Vientiane 236,800 km2 6,580,800
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 329,847 km2 30,041,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Thailand, known as Siam until 1939, lies in the heart of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Thailand, an independent kingdom for many centuries, maintains strong ties with the West and with neighboring countries.

Country data

Location: Southeast Asia

Time zone: CET + 6 (during summer time: CET + 5)

Total area: 513,120 km²

Land area: 510,890 km²

Water area: 2,230 km²

Length of the state border: 4,863 km

Cambodia: 803 km
Laos: 1,754 km
Malaysia: 506 km
Myanmar: 1,800 km

Coastline: 3,219 km

Capital: Bangkok

Provinces: 77
Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Bueng Kan, Buriram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon (Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sa Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Sara Buri, Satun, Sing Buri, Sisaket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin, Tak, Trang, Trat,Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit, Yala, Yasothon

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 66 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m


Population: approx. 67.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 132

Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: Thai


  • 93% Buddhists
  • 4% Muslim
  • 3% other


March May:

  • very hot during the day (over 35 ° C)
  • medium humidity
  • hardly any rainfall


  • Day temperature over 30 ° C
  • very high humidity
  • almost daily rains

The rest of the year it is a little cooler. The daytime temperatures are around 25 ° C. Rain rarely falls and the humidity drops to a tolerable level.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Thai Baht (THB)

Classification: 1 Baht = 100 Satang

ATMs: Available everywhere in the larger cities and especially in the tourist centers.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

The declaration limit for the local currency is 50,000 baht and for foreign currencies the equivalent of 20,000 US dollars.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g of other tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Arms and monution may not be imported.

The trafficking and possession of all kinds of drugs is strictly punished. Long prison sentences and the death penalty are also normal for foreigners.

The export of antiques, including Buddha figures or images, is only permitted with the permission of the Fine Arts Department.

Travel advice

Travel to the southern provinces on the border with Malaysia and travel to Preah Vihear (border region Cambodia) and the temple complexes in this area is not recommended.

The situation has normalized again since the 2014 military coup. However, it is recommended to avoid demonstrations and large crowds.

Behavioral advice

When using boats you should pay attention to their safety, as the standards are far below those in Europe.


The industry has developed very rapidly in recent years. The manufacturing sector in particular exports goods all over the world.

As a tungsten producer, Thailand ranks second in the world and other raw materials are also abundant.

Industries: building materials, computer technology, electronics, agriculture, food production, tobacco growing, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: lead, lignite, natural gas, fish, gypsum, rubber, wood, agricultural land, tantalum, tungsten, tin

Land use:

  • Usable land: 34%
  • Grain cultivation: 6%
  • Pasture area: 2%
  • Forests: 26%
  • other: 32%


About a quarter of the country is forested. There are still many valuable tropical woods here. These mainly include ebony, rosewood and teak.


Most of Thailand’s animals live in the forest areas. Monkeys, elephants, crocodiles, rhinos, water buffalo and some snake species also appear quite frequently.

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