Tajikistan Guide

Tajikistan Guide

Tajikistan – country information

Country name Tajikistan
Official name Republic of Tajikistan
Capital Dushanbe
Continent Asia
Area 143,100 km2
Population 8,160,000 (2014)
Foundation of a state 9/9/1991
The highest mountains Pik Kommunizma 7495 m, Shield of Independence 7134 m
Longest rivers Amu Darya 2539 km (in the country 950 km), Vakhsh 800 km
State system a republic with a unicameral parliament, a de facto one-party system of government
The biggest cities Dushanbe (capital) 675,000, Khodzhent 185,000, Kulyab 85,000
Official language Tajik
Ethnicity/National Composition Tajiks 65%, Uzbeks 24%, Russians 5.5%, Tatars 1.2%, Kyrgyz 1.2%, others 3.1%
Religious affiliation predominantly Sunni Islam
Currency 1 ruble (Rub) = 100 kopecks
gross domestic product (GDP) US$2,205 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 64.94 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 35%, mining and industry 20%, construction 7%, services 38%

Tajikistan – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Afghanistan Kabul 652,090 km2 25,500,100
China Peking 9,640,820 km2 1,363,350,000
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 199,900 km2 5,663,133
Uzbekistan Tashkent 447,400 km2 30,183,400

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Tajikistan is located in Central Asia. It is bordered by the Amu Darya River (in the upper course of Pyanj) with Afghanistan, and in the east with China. Kyrgyzstan lies to the north and Uzbekistan to the west and northeast.

Country data

Location: Central Asia

Time zone: CET + 4 (during summer time: CET + 3)

Total area: 143,100 km²

Land area: 141,510 km²

Water area: 1,590 km²

Length of the state border: 3,651 km

Bordering countries:
Afghanistan: 1,206 km
China: 414 km
Kyrgyzstan: 870 km
Uzbekistan: 1,161 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Dushanbe

Regions: 5
Dushanbe, Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Kuhistoni Badakhshon (Khorugh), Nohiyahoi Tobei Jumhuri, Sughd (Khujand)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 992 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Pik Imeni Ismail Samani 7,495 m


Population: approx. 8.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.7% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 57

Life expectancy: 64 (male), 70 (female)

Official language: Tajik, Russian


  • 85% Sunni Muslims
  • 5% Shia Muslims
  • 10% other


Rain only falls in Tajikistan at the beginning and the end of the year. The humidity is also always relatively low.

With temperatures below -10 ° C it is cold in winter. At high altitudes, the thermometer occasionally drops to over -40 ° C.


In summer the temperature averages around 30 ° C.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Somoni (TJS)

Classification: 1 somoni = 100 diram

ATMs: There are several ATMs in Dushanbe.

International credit cards: These are only accepted by some of the larger hotels and shops in the capital. Most of the time, however, cash payments are preferred.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts.

The export of foreign currencies is allowed in the amount of the declared import. The local currency may not be exported.

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Often foreigners have to pay the hotel bill in foreign currency. It is therefore recommended to take US dollars with you (only notes in very good condition), as these can be exchanged very easily.


Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500 g tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There have been isolated armed attacks in the border region with Afghanistan.

Before traveling to the region, you should find out about the current security situation from the local authorities.

Behavioral advice

The drinking water is of poor quality, especially in rural areas. You should therefore boil it before use.

Since the road conditions are sometimes extremely bad, you should not drive your vehicle after dark.


Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent civil war, Tajikistan has been one of the poorest countries in Asia.

Although there are many different natural resources in abundance, the industry is poorly developed.

Most of the foreign currency is used to import much needed food.

Industries: aluminum processing, mining, chemistry, electrical appliance manufacturing, mechanical engineering

Natural resources: antimony, lead, brown coal, natural gas, petroleum, mercury, rare earths, silver, uranium, hydropower, zinc, tin

Land use:

  • Usable land: 6%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 4%
  • other: 65%
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