Taiwan Guide

Taiwan Guide

Country data

Location: East Asia

Time zone: CET + 7 (during European summer time: CET + 6)

Total area: 35,980 km²

Land area: 32,260 km²

Water area: 3,720 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 1,566 km

Capital: Taipei

Regions: 22
Changhua, Chiayi, Chiayi (Township), Hsinchu, Hsinchu (Township), Hualien, Kaohsiung (City), Keelung (Township), Kinmen, Lienchiang, Miaoli, Nantou, New Taipei (Town), Penghu, Pingtung, Taichung (City), Tainan (City), Taipei (City), Taitung, Taoyuan, Yilan, Yunlin

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 886 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m


Population: approx. 23.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 650

Life expectancy: 77 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: Chinese (Mandarin), many people also speak English


  • 93% Buddhists and Taoists
  • 4% Christians
  • 3% other


In the prevailing subtropical climate, it is warm all year round (annual average: 22 ° C) with constantly very high humidity.

The longest season is summer, which lasts from April to November. It’s very warm, with daytime temperatures between 25-35 ° C. Most of the rain falls from mid-May to late June.


In the very short winter (from January to February) temperatures drop to 10-15 ° C. It is very mild at this time.

In the higher regions (over 3,000 meters) it is much cooler, especially at night.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)

Classification: 1 Taiwan dollar = 10 Jiao, 100 Fen

ATMs: There are many available.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.

Regulations: The national currency may be imported and exported up to an amount of 60,000 TWD.

The exchange in foreign currencies is only possible upon presentation of the exchange receipts. Therefore, you should only exchange at official exchange offices and keep all receipts in a safe place!

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the amount of the declared import and is strictly controlled. You should therefore have all foreign currency you bring with you declared in writing upon entry.

Since the export of gold and silver from Taiwan is forbidden, you should also have all jewelry (rings, chains, piercings,…) declared upon entry, otherwise you are not allowed to take them with you when you leave the country.

The following limit values ​​must not be exceeded: Gold: 62.5 g; Silver: 625 g

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 500 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

You should have an English-language certificate from your doctor with you for all medication you are taking with you, otherwise these are counted as drugs / narcotics.

The export of gold and silver (in all forms) is prohibited if this has not been declared upon entry.

Drugs, old coins, Chinese antiques and works of art are also prohibited.

You should avoid taking obscene or erotic magazines and material with you.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Taiwan.

Behavioral advice

Since the water quality is often very poor, you should only use water from a flat surface for drinking and preparing food.

When buying, make sure that these are originally closed.


The economy has developed very strongly in recent years.

Taiwan has strengthened itself particularly in the position of information technology. Many products in the computer sector come from here.

Agriculture and fishing are becoming less and less important and now contribute less than 20% to the gross domestic product.

Industries: chemistry, iron and steel processing, petroleum processing, electronics, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: asbestos, natural gas, wood, limestone, coal, marble

Land use:

  • Land: 23%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 5%
  • Forests: 55%
  • other: 15%


Large parts of the island are forested. The type of trees present changes depending on the altitude.

Acacias, bamboo trees and palm trees are predominantly found in the area below 700 meters

Between 700 and 2,500 meters you can find maple, beech, oak, Japanese cedar, camphor trees, pines, elms and occasionally palm trees. Most of Taiwan’s forest areas, which are also evergreen all year round, belong to this altitude.

From a height of over 2,500 meters there are almost only conifers.


In the large forests there are a large number of small animals, mammals (e.g. monkeys, bears, deer) and birds. However, many of these animals only live in uninhabited areas.

For those interested, it is a good idea to book organized round trips, on which the many different species of native and migratory birds can be observed particularly well.

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