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According to localcollegeexplorer, Trinidad and Tobago is a twin island nation located off the northern coast of South America in the Caribbean Sea. The country has a rich history that dates back to its colonization by the Spanish in the late 15th century. The islands were then captured by the British in 1797 and remained under their control until they gained independence in 1962. The original inhabitants of Trinidad and Tobago were Amerindian tribes such as Arawaks, Caribs, and Warao who had lived on the islands for centuries before European arrival. Christopher Columbus first sighted Trinidad in 1498, but it was not until 1592 that Antonio de Berrio arrived to establish a settlement on behalf of Spain. In 1608, England began to challenge Spanish control of the islands with Sir Walter Raleigh attempting to establish a settlement on Trinidad’s east coast. Despite his failure, other English settlers followed suit and began establishing settlements throughout both islands. This led to several wars between Spain and Britain which resulted in Trinidad being ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Amiens in 1802. Tobago was seized by Britain shortly after but was returned to France under Napoleon’s rule until 1814 when it was permanently ceded to Britain following his defeat at Waterloo. During this time, plantation agriculture developed rapidly with sugar cane being grown extensively on both islands as well as cocoa, coffee, cotton and tobacco. By 1834, slavery had been abolished throughout the British Empire including Trinidad and Tobago leading to an influx of indentured laborers from India who soon became an integral part of local society. In 1925, Sir Eric Williams founded the People‚Äôs National Movement which campaigned for self-rule for both islands culminating in independence from Britain on August 31st 1962 with Williams becoming its first Prime Minister shortly afterwards. Since then, Trinidad and Tobago has experienced significant economic growth driven by its large oil reserves which have enabled it become one of the wealthiest countries in Caribbean region with GDP per capita higher than many European countries including France and Italy as well as Canada and United States making it one of most prosperous nations within Latin America region overall. Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelago located in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago. It is situated just off the coast of Venezuela and has a population of approximately 1.3 million people. The majority of the population reside on Trinidad with the capital city, Port of Spain, home to around 50 thousand people. English is the official language although many other languages are spoken such as Spanish and French Creole. The currency used in Trinidad and Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD). In 2010, the economy of Trinidad and Tobago was mainly based on oil production which accounted for around 40% of GDP. The country had rich reserves of crude oil as well as natural gas which were exported to countries such as the United States and Canada. Tourism also provided an important source of revenue with many tourists visiting to experience its stunning beaches or lush rainforest. Agriculture accounted for around 6% of GDP with key crops being cocoa, sugarcane, bananas and coffee beans. The government also invested heavily into infrastructure projects such as highways, telecommunications networks and ports which helped to improve connectivity within the country as well as attract more tourists from abroad. In addition, there were numerous technological advancements such as mobile phones that were being implemented in some parts of the country in order to make it more competitive globally. Furthermore, education was a major focus for the government with initiatives such as free primary school tuition introduced in order to improve literacy rates amongst citizens. Check ezinereligion for Trinidad and Tobago Religion and Languages.

Trinidad and Tobago Guide

Trinidad and Tobago Guide

Trinidad and Tobago – country information Country name Trinidad and Tobago Official name Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Capital Port of Spain Continent South America, North America Area 5,130 km2 Population 1,328,019 (2011) Foundation of a state 31/8/1962 The highest mountains Aripo 940 m State system a pluralistic parliamentary republic with a bicameral parliament The biggest cities Port of Spain (capital) 55,000 (conurbation 170,000), Chanaguas 60,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition black 44%, Indian 36%, mixed race 16%, white 2%,…

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