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According to localcollegeexplorer, Peru is a South American country located on the western side of the continent, bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is home to one of the oldest civilizations in America, with archaeological evidence suggesting that humans have inhabited this area since at least 12,000 BC. The Inca Empire was founded in 1438 and expanded rapidly throughout much of South America. However, Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro arrived in 1532 and quickly conquered most of Peru. The Spanish established a colonial government which lasted until Peru declared its independence in 1821. Peru was then led by José de San Martín who helped liberate much of South America from Spanish colonial rule. He was followed by Simón Bolívar who secured full independence for Peru in 1824 after leading successful campaigns against Spanish forces in Ecuador and Bolivia. The post-independence period saw a number of civil wars as well as frequent changes in government due to military coups and other political unrest. In 1968, General Juan Velasco Alvarado seized power through a military coup and implemented policies aimed at modernizing Peru’s economy while also suppressing opposition groups. This period ended with his overthrow in 1975 following widespread protests against his government’s authoritarian rule. In 1980, democracy was restored with elections that were largely considered free and fair. Since then, Peru has seen significant economic growth due largely to its export-oriented economy which has benefited from increased demand for its natural resources such as copper, gold and silver. Despite this progress however poverty remains widespread with more than 30% of its population living below the poverty line. In addition there are significant challenges related to health care access and environmental degradation. Peru is currently working to improve its infrastructure and address these issues in order to ensure a more prosperous future for its citizens. In 2010, Peru was a vibrant and diverse country located in western South America. It had a total population of around 30 million people and was known for its rich cultural heritage, stunning natural scenery and vibrant cities. Despite its small size, Peru had developed a strong economy based on its agricultural, industrial and mining production. The government had implemented a number of policies which helped ensure a high quality of life for its citizens such as free healthcare and education, generous welfare benefits and investment in infrastructure. Despite its wealth, Peru faced some challenges in 2010 such as poverty, unemployment and crime. The government had implemented policies to address these issues such as increasing access to job training programs, encouraging foreign investment and promoting sustainable development. In terms of foreign policy, Peru maintained strong relationships with other nations in the region and around the world. It was also active in international organizations such as the United Nations in order to promote peace and security. All in all, Peru in 2010 was a country with great potential but many challenges ahead of it on its journey towards true prosperity for its people. Check extrareference for Peru in 2007.

Peru History

Peru History

On the prehistory and early history of South America, Andean high cultures, Inca. Colonial times The turmoil in the Inca empire after the death of the ruler Huayna Capac († 1527; war of succession among his sons) and an epidemic in 1527 made it easier for the Spaniards (initially only 183 men) under F. Pizarro to conquer the empire. Pizarro occupied Cajamarca, Atahualpa’s residence, on November 15, 1532 and had him executed in mid-1533. On November 15, 1533 he moved…

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Peru Country Information

Peru Country Information

The name “Peru” probably comes from the troops of the Spaniards who moved through the small landscape of “Biru” and transferred their names to the whole country, from which “Peru” developed over time. For the Incas, the country was called “Tahuantin-suyu” – “four provinces”, since they had divided their great empire in four provinces. Location With an area of ​​1,285,220 square kilometers, Peru is the third largest country in South America and the largest of the Andean countries. Peru shares…

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Peru Guide

Peru Guide

Peru – country information Country name Peru Official name Republic of Peru Capital Lima continent South America Area 1,285,220 km Population 30 475 144 (2013) Foundation of a state 28. 7. 1821 The highest mountains Nevado de Huascarán 6768 m Longest rivers Ucayali-Apurímac 1980 km State system a pluralistic presidential republic with a bicameral parliament The biggest cities Lima (capital) 6,850,000, Arequipa 705,000, Callao 630,000 Official language Spanish, Quechua Ethnicity/National Composition Quechua Indians 48%, Aymara 5%, mestizos 33%, whites 11%,…

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