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According to localcollegeexplorer, Nigeria is a country located in West Africa and is home to over 200 million people. It is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh-most populous country in the world. Nigeria has a long and complex history, with evidence of human activity dating back to 9000 BC. The region has been occupied by numerous empires and kingdoms throughout its history, including the Nok culture, which flourished between 900 BC and 200 AD. The region was then conquered by various groups from North Africa and the Middle East, including the Fulani Empire and Bornu Empire, before becoming a British colony in 1901. During British rule, Nigeria was divided into two distinct regions: Northern Nigeria and Southern Nigeria. This division had an immense impact on Nigerian society as it perpetuated a system of ethnic divisions based on religion, language, dialects, customs and traditions. These divisions remain largely intact even today. In 1960, Nigeria gained independence from Britain but soon after descended into political turmoil as military coups toppled elected governments throughout the 1970s and 1980s until 1999 when President Olusegun Obasanjo was elected following a period of military rule. Since then, Nigeria has experienced relative stability despite some challenges such as religious tensions between Muslims in Northern Nigeria and Christians in Southern Nigeria as well as recurring violence over control of oil-rich regions such as the Niger Delta. Despite these issues however, progress has been made on certain fronts such as improvements in healthcare provision (life expectancy has risen from 47 years in 1960 to 53 years today) and poverty reduction (poverty levels have dropped from 70% in 1996 to 54% according to World Bank estimates from 2018). In recent years there have also been positive developments with regards to democracy such as free elections leading to peaceful transfers of power since 1999 when President Obasanjo assumed office after winning elections that year. He was succeeded by Goodluck Jonathan who won elections again in 2011 before being succeeded by current President Muhammadu Buhari who was re-elected for a second term in 2019 thus bringing more stability to this fragile nation after decades of turmoil. Overall, then, while there have been many challenges faced throughout its history, Nigeria continues on its path towards greater prosperity for all its citizens despite continued periods of political instability caused mainly by religious tensions between different communities within the country as well as recurring regional conflicts over control of oil-rich regions like the Niger Delta region. In 2010, Nigeria was a country in transition. It had recently emerged from a period of military rule and was looking to build a brighter future for its citizens. Unfortunately, the transition process had been slow and Nigeria still faced many challenges such as poverty, high unemployment, and infrastructure deficiencies. In addition to this, corruption within the government was rampant and limited resources were often misused or mismanaged. These issues had hampered the country’s development in many areas such as health care, education and economic growth. Despite these challenges, progress had been made in some areas such as agricultural reform and environmental protection. In addition, foreign aid had started to pour into Nigeria which helped to stabilize the economy somewhat. The country also attracted investment from abroad which helped create jobs and provide some income for its citizens. All in all, Nigeria in 2010 was a country with great potential but many challenges ahead of it on its journey towards true prosperity for its people. Check extrareference for Nigeria in 2007.

Nigeria Guide

Nigeria Guide

Nigeria – country information Country name Nigeria Official name Federal Republic of Nigeria Capital Abuja continent Africa Area 923,768 km2 Population 173 615 000 (2013) Foundation of a state 1. 10. 1960 The highest mountains Dimlang 2042 m Longest rivers Niger 4160 km (western 1400 km), Benue 1420 km State system military regime The biggest cities Lagos 1,525,000 (conurbation 7.5 million), Ibadan 1,375,000, Oyo 1,100,000, Kano 775,000, Ogbomosho 720,000, Abuja (capital) 450,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition Hausa 22%, Yoruba…

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