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Check estatelearning for Bulgaria in 1999.

Bulgaria Under Živkov

Bulgaria Under Živkov

Živkov’s relative reformism was expressed above all in a certain tolerance towards cultural debate. He himself loved meeting intellectuals, to whom he assigned salaries that his critics call “satraphs”, giving them a social status that divided them from society. Dissident G. Markov (who was killed in London by the Bulgarian secret police) used to sarcastically say that poets and writers “were paid not to write, but not to write”. This relative tolerance, however, prevented the formation of a broad and…

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Golden Sands, Bulgaria

Golden Sands, Bulgaria

Bulgaria lies in south-east Europe and borders with Romania in the north, Serbia and Macedonia in the west, and Greece and Turkey in the south. In the east, the Black Sea forms the natural state border. The mountains of the Balkans criss- cross the country all the way to the beaches at the Black Sea. The capital of the republic is Sofia. Culture, art and customs have a long tradition in Bulgaria. The architecture of the capital Sofia dates back…

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Bulgaria Wildlife and Economy

Bulgaria Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in Bulgaria? Just over a third (35 percent) of Bulgaria is covered with forest. This grows mainly on the mountain slopes. Deciduous trees can be found in lower elevations, while conifers such as pine, spruce and fir trees are more common. Common tree species are beech, oak and maple. Olive trees and holm oaks grow on the Black Sea with its Mediterranean climate. From around 2000 meters, the climate becomes alpine. This means that…

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Bulgaria Guide

Bulgaria Guide

Bulgaria – country information Country name Bulgaria Official name Republic of Bulgaria Capital Sofia Continent Europe Area 110,912 km2 Population 7,282,041 (2012) Foundation of a state 3/3/1878 The highest mountains Musala 2925 m, Vichren 2914 m Longest rivers Dunav 2,850 km (in the country 450 km), Marica 526 km State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Sofia (capital) 1,125,000, Plovdiv 370,000, Varna 315,000 Official language Bulgarian Ethnicity/National Composition Bulgarians 85.5%, Turks 10%, Gypsies 3.5%, others…

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