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According to localcollegeexplorer, Benin, formerly known as Dahomey, is a small West African country located on the Gulf of Guinea. Benin has a rich and vibrant history that dates back to the 11th century when it was an important part of the powerful Yoruba Empire. This empire was eventually supplanted by the powerful Dahomey Kingdom which was founded in 1625 and lasted until 1894 when it was conquered by France. The French continued to exercise control over Benin until 1960 when it gained full independence. After independence, Benin underwent several changes in government including a period of Marxist-Leninist rule from 1972 to 1989. During this period, the country suffered from severe economic stagnation due to policies such as nationalization of industries and collectivization of agriculture. In 1991, a new government was elected which implemented market-oriented reforms that helped to stimulate economic growth and attract foreign investment. Since then, Benin has experienced relative stability with several peaceful transfers of power between democratic governments. The economy has grown steadily in recent years due to increased investment in infrastructure and industry as well as improved access to global markets through free trade agreements such as Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS). In addition, tourism has become increasingly important for Benin with several UNESCO World Heritage sites located within its borders. In 2010, Benin was a small country located in West Africa, bordered by Nigeria to the east and Burkina Faso and Togo to the west. It had an area of approximately 112,622 square kilometers and a population of around 9.2 million people. The capital city was Porto-Novo which had a population of around 200,000 people in 2010. French is the official language spoken in Benin but there are also many local languages such as Fon and Yoruba spoken across the country too. The currency used at that time was called the CFA Franc (XOF) but US Dollars were also accepted in many places too. Benin’s economy was largely based on agriculture which accounted for around 33% of GDP in 2010 and included activities such as cotton production, fishing and livestock raising due to its vast natural resources such as forests, rivers and lakes. In addition to this there had also been an increase focus on developing industry within Benin itself such as mining, manufacturing and construction during this period too. In terms of culture, Benin has always been proud of its rich cultural heritage which includes traditional music from both African cultures as well as traditional dances such as Sato which are still popular today. Religion is an important part of life for many people with most practicing Christianity but there is also significant representation from other religions such as Islam within the country‚Äôs population too. Check estatelearning for Benin in 1999.

Benin Guide

Benin Guide

Benin – country information Country name Benin Official name Republic of Benin Capital Porto Novo Continent Africa Area 112,622 km2 Population 10,323,000 (2013) Foundation of a state 1/8/1960 State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Cotonou (seat of the president and government) 725,000, Porto Novo (capital) 275,000 Official language French Ethnicity/National Composition Fon 66%, Bariba 9.5%, Yoruba 9%, Somba 5.5%, others 10% Religious affiliation traditional faith 62%, Roman Catholic 21%, Muslim 12%, Protestant 2.3%, other…

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