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According to localcollegeexplorer, Azerbaijan is a country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is bordered by Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, Iran to the south and the Caspian Sea to the east. With an estimated population of over 10 million people, Azerbaijan is one of the most populous countries in the region. The official language is Azerbaijani and its capital city is Baku. The history of Azerbaijan dates back to ancient times when it was part of various empires such as Persia and Rome. In later years, it was briefly ruled by Mongols before being annexed by Russia in 1813 as part of its expanding empire. Following this period, Azerbaijan experienced a brief period of independence until 1920 when it became part of Soviet Union following its victory in World War I. During Soviet rule, Azerbaijan underwent significant economic development as well as modernization which saw its infrastructure and industry expand significantly. Despite this progress, there were also periods of political repression which saw many protests against Soviet rule take place throughout the country. In 1988, tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh erupted into a full-scale war which lasted until 1994 when a ceasefire agreement was signed between both sides. In 1991 following the collapse of Soviet Union, Azerbaijan declared independence and has since become one of most prosperous countries in Caucasus region with an economy that relies heavily on its oil reserves which were first discovered in 1873. The capital city Baku has also undergone significant development with new skyscrapers being built along with other infrastructure projects that have helped modernize Azerbaijan’s cities significantly since its independence from Soviet Union. Today, Azerbaijan continues to develop economically while maintaining strong ties with both Europe and Asia due to its strategic location on crossroads between two continents. Additionally, it has also become a popular tourist destination due to its beautiful landscapes such as Absheron Peninsula and Caspian Sea coast as well as vibrant cities like Baku that offer plenty for visitors to do during their stay here. Azerbaijan in 2010 was a small, landlocked country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Iran. It had a population of around 9 million people and its capital city was Baku. The country was a semi-presidential republic with an executive president and a unicameral legislature. The economy of Azerbaijan in 2010 was largely reliant on its oil and natural gas reserves which accounted for around 80% of exports and 60% of government revenue. Other important industries included agriculture, manufacturing and tourism. The government had implemented several economic reforms to increase economic growth such as privatizing state-owned companies, liberalizing foreign investment laws, implementing taxation reforms and encouraging foreign direct investment (FDI). The government of Azerbaijan in 2010 was headed by an executive president who served as the head of state while power was shared between the executive (headed by the president), legislative (represented by the National Assembly) and judicial (headed by the Supreme Court) branches. The country also had an independent central bank – Central Bank of Azerbaijan – which regulated monetary policy. Education in Azerbaijan in 2010 provided free primary schooling at public schools while secondary school fees were subsidised for low-income families. Higher education institutions included universities such as Azerbaijan State University which offered degree programs in various fields including engineering, medicine, law and business administration. Azerbaijani culture was heavily influenced by its history with Islamic roots being visible throughout many aspects of life from language to cuisine to music to architecture. Popular music styles included traditional folk music which featured instruments like tar or balaban being played together with singing or dancing as well as classical music such as mugham or mugam which is unique to Azerbaijan. Sports were also popular among Azerbaijani people with wrestling being one of the most popular activities along with football (soccer) and tennis. Check estatelearning for Azerbaijan in 1999.

Azerbaijan Wildlife and Economy

Azerbaijan Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What animals live in Azerbaijan? Many different landscapes in Azerbaijan also offer a habitat for many animal species. In Azerbaijan there are both high and low mountains, fresh water lakes and the salt water lake of the Caspian Sea. There are forests, a lowland on the Kura River, meadows and also arable land. A total of 107 species of mammals have been counted so far. They include wolves, jackals, foxes, brown bears, lynxes, wild boars and hyenas….

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Azerbaijan Guide

Azerbaijan Guide

Azerbaijan – country information Country name Azerbaijan Official name Republic of Azerbaijan Capital Baku Continent Asia Area 86,600 km2 Population 9,477,100 (2013) Foundation of a state 30/8/1991 The highest mountains Bazarduju 4466 m Longest rivers Kura 1510 km (in the country 1010 km) State system a republic with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Baku (capital) 1,150,000 (conurbation 1,950,000), Ganja 310,000, Sumgait 245,000 Official language Azerbaijani language Ethnicity/National Composition Azerbaijanis 85%, Russians 5%, Armenians 4% (in Nagorno-Karabakh), Lezgins 2.5%, others…

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