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Afghanistan has about 20 different ethnic groups. Three quarters of the population belongs to the Indo-European groups. The most numerous are the 7 million Pashtos (Pashtu ‘s or ‘true’ Afghans), related to the Pathans (Pakhtus) in Pakistan. Their language is Pashto. This is followed by the Tajiks, 2.5 million, who speak Dari (Old Persian). There are also the Char Aimaq (Dari speaking), the Baluchis, the Nuristani and the Sikhs. The Turko-Mongolian groups include the Uzbeks, 1.2 million, the Turkmen, the Hazara (Dari speaking) and the Kyrgyz. Only estimates exist about the population. Approx. 1.5 million live in the cities; there are 3 million nomads. The most densely populated areas are the high plateau of Kabul (422 inhabit. per km2) and the lowlands of Djalalabad (82 inhabit. per km2). The largest cities after Kabul are Kandahar (120000), Herat (110000), Kunduz (100000), Baghlan (92000) and Charika (83700). There are more than 40 cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants. Religion. The vast majority of the population professes Islam in one of the main directions: Sunnis (about 90%) and Shiites (about 10%). There are religious minorities, including the Sikhs. Healthcare. In 1971 Afghanistan had about one doctor for every 19000 inhabitants. There are 55 hospitals with a total of 2,479 beds (60% of them in Kabul province). Almost half of the children die in the first year of life, half of the rest die before the age of 12. Check estatelearning for Afghanistan in 1999.

Afghanistan War and Politics

Afghanistan War and Politics

The so-called proxy war This led to disputes and ultimately to intervention by the Soviet Union, which wanted to consolidate its interests in Afghanistan. The Soviet Union has been providing Afghanistan with economic support since the 1950s. The country was on the border with what was then the Soviet Union. In order to suppress the influence of radical Islam in the region and at the same time strengthen socialism, soldiers of the Soviet Union marched into Afghanistan in 1979. As…

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Afghanistan Overview

Afghanistan Overview

Animals and Plants What animals and plants are there in Afghanistan? The consequences of the war are still evident in Afghanistan today and are causing problems for the flora and fauna. Important habitats have disappeared or been destroyed. Afghanistan is characterized by steppe landscapes. So there are the steppe shrubs typical of this landscape. Dense stands of trees can only be found in a few regions, as many forests have been cut down over the past 25 years. Pistachio trees,…

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Afghanistan Guide

Afghanistan Guide

Afghanistan – country information Country name Afghanistan Official name Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Capital Kabul Continent Asia Area 652,090 km2 Population 25,500,100 (2013) Foundation of a state 19/8/1919 The highest mountains Nošak 7485 m Longest rivers Hilmand (part) 1400 km State system an Islamic republic with multiple parties and a transitional legislature The biggest cities Kabul (capital) 2,200,000, Kandahar 340,000, Herat 250,000 Official language Pashto, Dari (Afghan Persian) Ethnicity/National Composition Pashtun 54%, Tajik 21%, Uzbek 8.5%, Hazara 8.5%, Aymak 3%,…

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