Syria Guide

Syria Guide

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET)

Total area: 185,180 km²

Land area: 183,630 km²

Water area: 1,550 km²

Length of the state border: 2,253 km

Iraq: 605 km
Israel: 76 km
Jordan: 375 km
Lebanon: 375 km
Turkey: 822 km

Coastline: 193 km

Capital: Damascus

Provinces: 14
Al Hasakah, Al Ladhiqiyah, Al Qunaytirah, Ar Raqqah, As Suwayda ‘, Dar’a, Dayr az Zawr, Dimashq, Halab, Hamah, Hims, Idlib, Rif Dimashq, Tartus

Electricity: 110, 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 963 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m


Population: approx. 17.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -9.7% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 97

Life expectancy: 61 (male), 76 (female)

Official language: Arabic


  • 87% Muslim
  • 13% other



  • very warm, with temperatures up to over 30 ° C
  • hardly any rainfall


  • mild to cold
  • very rainy

In the desert regions, the temperature fluctuations between day and night are particularly large.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Syrian Lira (SYP)

Classification: 1 lira = 100 piasters (only rarely in use)

ATMs: There are a few ATMs in Damascus and Aleppo.

International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted.

Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. A declaration is required from an equivalent value of US $ 5,000. Export is permitted up to the amount of the declared import.

The local currency may not be imported or exported.

Since it is almost impossible to exchange the local currency back, you should only exchange the amounts actually required.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco
  • 0.5 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The export of antiques is prohibited. Counterfeits are often sold at the historical sites and attractions.

Travel advice

Warnings are given against traveling to Syria. All Germans are asked to leave the country.

The German embassy in Damascus is closed. Consular assistance cannot be guaranteed even in an emergency.

If your passport contains an Israeli stamp, you will be denied entry to Syria (despite a valid visa).

Behavioral advice

Photographing military objects of any kind is strictly forbidden. Violation threatens immediate arrest and heavy penalties. The term military object is interpreted broadly by the authorities (e.g. also for civil airports).


A large part of the population is employed in agriculture, the main export of which is cotton.

Fruit, vegetables and some types of grain are grown to supply the country itself.

The main source of income for foreign exchange, however, is the plentiful oil reserves.

In addition, mainly food and textiles are exported.

Industries: Oil production and processing, agriculture

Natural resources: chromium, iron ores, petroleum, gypsum, manganese, phosphates, salt, hydropower

Land use:

  • Land: 28%
  • Grain cultivation: 4%
  • Pasture area: 43%
  • Forests: 3%
  • other: 22%
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