Sweden – country information
|Official name||Kingdom of Sweden|
|Foundation of a state||6/6/1523|
|The highest mountains||Kebnekaise 2123 m|
|Longest rivers||Göta-Klar 720 km|
|The largest lakes||Vänern 5,390 km2|
|State system||pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||(agglomeration) Stockholm (capital) 1,540,000, Gothenburg 755,000, Malmö 495,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Swedes 90.4%, Finns 2.4%, others 7.2%|
|Religious affiliation||Lutherans 88.2%, Roman Catholics 1.6%, Pentecostals 1.2%, others 9.0%|
|Currency||1 Swedish crown (SKr) = 100 öre|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$40,304 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||80.51 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture, forestry and fishing 2.6%, mining 0.3%, industry 23.1%, construction 7.5%, services 66.5%|
Sweden – neighboring countries
According to Abbreviationfinder, Sweden, which occupies the greater eastern and southernmost part of the Scandinavian peninsula, is the fourth largest European country by area. Its inhabitants have long enjoyed the benefits of a generous social system and their standard of living is among the highest in the world. Sweden boasts a long tradition of neutrality, developed democracy and protection of human rights.
Location: Northern Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 450,295 km²
Land area: 410,335 km²
Water area: 39,960 km²
Length of the state border: 2,233 km
Finland: 614 km
Norway: 1,619 km
Coastline: 3,218 km
Blekinge, Dalarnas, Gavleborgs, Gotlands, Hallands, Jamtlands, Jonkopings, Kalmar, Kronobergs, Norrbottens, Orebro, Ostergotlands, Skane, Sodermanlands, Stockholms, Uppsala, Varmlands, Vasterbottens, Vasternorrlands, Vastmanlands, Vastra Gotalands
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 46 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m
Population: approx. 9.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.8% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 22
Life expectancy: 80 (male), 84 (female)
Official language: Swedish
- 87% Evangelical-Lutheran
- 13% other
Due to the strong north-south expansion, Sweden can be divided into climatically different regions.
In the north, near the Arctic Circle, winter lasts a very long time and is very cold by European standards. Temperatures can drop as low as -40 ° C.
In southern Sweden winter does not last that long (November – March), but it is still very cold with frequent snowfalls. The summer months are mild and comparable to spring in Germany.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Swedish krona (SEK)
Classification: 1 crown = 100 ore
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
People over 18 years of age are allowed to bring tobacco products for personal use.
People over 20 years of age are allowed to bring alcoholic beverages for personal use.
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Due to the current refugee situation, Sweden has reintroduced border controls.
Short-term obstructions in travel and the associated waiting times are to be expected.
Thanks to Sweden’s large forests, the largest wood processing industry in Europe has developed there.
The mining and processing of ores is also a very large branch of industry in which many residents are employed.
Industries: iron and steel processing, electrical engineering, vehicle construction, wood processing, food production
Natural resources: lead, iron ore, wood, copper, silver, uranium, hydropower, zinc
- Usable land: 7%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 1%
- Forests: 68%
- other: 24%
Large areas of the country are covered with forests. In the deep valleys and flat plains there are mainly coniferous forests of spruce and pine.
The higher areas consist mostly of deciduous forests (birch, oak, willow).
In the mountains, above the tree line, different types of grass and moors shape the landscape.
In the far north of Sweden you can see lemmings, moose and reindeer.
Wildlife also includes bears, deer, lynx and wolves. However, these are more at home in the forests in the center of the country and in the south.