Spain – country information
|Official name||The Kingdom of Spain|
|Foundation of a state||2/1/1492|
|The highest mountains||Pico de Teide 3718 m, Mulhacén 3482 m|
|Longest rivers||Ebro 928 km, Tajo 910 km (in the country 635 km)|
|State system||constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Madrid (capital) 3,225,000, Barcelona 1,750,000, Valencia 775,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Spaniards 72.5%, Catalans 16.3%, Galicians 8%, Basques 2.3%, others 0.9%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholics 96%, atheists and no religion 3%, others 1%|
|Currency||1 euro = 100 cents|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$30,058 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||79.65 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 3.5%, mining and industry 23%, construction 8.5%, services 65%|
Spain – neighboring countries
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella||468 km2||76,098|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Spain is located on the Iberian (Iberian) peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It borders France to the north and Portugal to the west. Spain includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean west of the African coast.
Location: Western Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 505,370 km²
Land area: 498,980 km²
Water area: 6,390 km²
Length of the state border: 1920 km
Andorra: 64 km
France: 623 km
Gibraltar: 1.2 km
Morocco: 18 km
Portugal: 1,214 km
Coastline: 4,964 km
Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna, Communidad Valencian, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 34 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Pico de Teide 3,718 m
Population: approx. 47.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.8% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 79
Life expectancy: 78 (male), 85 (female)
Official language: Spanish
- 94% Roman Catholic
- 6% other
- temperate climate zone
- warm summer months
- cold winters
- the rain is evenly distributed throughout the year
South of the country:
- Mediterranean climate
- very hot during the day in summer (over 35 ° C)
- cool winter months
- Rain falls mainly in the winter months
Currency / finance
Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)
Division: 1 € = 100 cents
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 17 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Ceuta and Melilla are not part of the EU customs territory.
Pickpockets are common in the larger tourist centers. You should therefore not openly show your money and valuables and only always take the amount of money you actually need with you.
The former agricultural country has built up a flourishing industry over the past few decades, the most important branches Bordering countries are tourism and mechanical engineering.
Communication and information technology, the metal processing industry and petrochemicals have also developed strongly.
The largest contributions to the gross domestic product come from the tourism industry and the export of agricultural goods.
Industries: chemistry, vehicle manufacturing, fishing, food manufacturing, mechanical engineering, metal processing, shipbuilding, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: lead, iron ore, gypsum, coal, copper, farmland, uranium, hydropower, zinc
- Usable land: 30%
- Grain cultivation: 9%
- Pasture area: 21%
- Forests: 32%
- other: 8%
Most of the contiguous forest areas are in the north and west of Spain. Many different shrubs, bushes, and grass species are scattered across the country.
Grapes that have made a name for themselves in the wine industry also grow particularly well.
The forests and the unpopulated regions are home to foxes, wild boars, wolves and several species of red deer.
For bullfighting, which is famous worldwide as a national sport, the animals are bred in special farms.
In particular, many different animal species also populate the rivers, lakes and seas of the country and the coastal strips that surround them.