South Sudan Guide

South Sudan Guide

South Sudan – country information

Country name South Sudan
Capital Dzuba
Continent Africa
Area 644,329 km2
Population 10,625,176 (2012)
Foundation of a state 07/09/2011
gross domestic product (GDP) US$2,030 (2012)

South Sudan – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 2,344,860 km2 67,514,000
Ethiopia Addis Ababa 1,104,300 km2 86,613,986
Kenya Nairobi 580,367 km2 44,354,000
Central African Republic Bangui 622,984 km2 4,616,000
Sudan Khartoum 2,505,810 km2 37,964,000
Uganda Kampala 241,038 km2 35,357,000

According to Abbreviationfinder, South Sudan is a country in Africa. Common borders – with Ethiopia – in the east, with Kenya, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo – in the south, with the Central African Republic – in the west, with Sudan – in the north.

The capital is Juba. The official language is English. Currency – Sudanese pound. Religion – Christianity.

The climate is tropical, equatorial.

In the south, in the Imatong mountain range, Mount Kinyeti (3187 m) rises, which is located near the border with Uganda. A significant part of the region is occupied by a huge swamp of the Sudd region.

South Sudan has the potential to develop tourism, particularly through the country’s three national parks, but the relevant infrastructure is only at the planning stage.

Interesting facts

In ancient times, the territory of modern Sudan was called Kush, and later – Nubia.

The State of South Sudan was proclaimed on July 9, 2011.

According to the ranking of the poorest countries for 2013, South Sudan ranks 4th.

Country data

Location: Eastern Central Africa

Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 3)

Total area: 644,329 km²

Length of the state border: 5,413 km

Bordering countries apply to:
Ethiopia: 934 km
Kenya: 232 km
Congo, Democratic Rep.: 639 km
Sudan: 2,184 km
Uganda: 435 km
Central Africa. Rep.: 989 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Juba

States: 10
Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria

Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 211 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m


Population: approx. 11.6 million residents (99.5% Egyptians, 0.5% others) (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 4% per year

Population density (inh. Per km²): 18

Life expectancy: 61 (male), 65 (female)

Official language: Arabic, English


The dry season lasts from November to March. The temperatures are between 34-38 ° C during the day and between 20-25 ° C at night.

South Sudan

In the rainy season, from April to October, it is still very warm and the climate is tropical and humid. At lunchtime the thermometer climbs to an average of 30-32 ° C and drops to around 22 ° C at night. The humidity is usually around 70-90% and it often rains very heavily.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: South Sudanese pound (SSP)

Division: 1 pound = 100 piastres

ATMs: are not available.

International credit cards: There are no acceptance points.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies may be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Travelers must bring cash to finance their stay. It is recommended to take US dollars with you, whereby banknotes must not be older than 2006.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

You are warned against traveling to South Sudan, with the exception of the capital Juba!

It is not recommended to travel to the capital Juba that is not absolutely necessary.

In the regions of Bahr El Gazal, Central Equatoria, Pibor and Upper Nile, there are repeated armed clashes between different ethnic groups.

In the regions bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and the Central African Republic, too, attacks by marauding armed gangs and criminals are repeated.


The country, which is heavily dependent on imports, suffers from corruption and mismanagement in almost all areas of public life.

The consequences of the civil war are visible throughout the country and have destroyed large parts of the infrastructure. Due to the ongoing political tensions in the country, their development and improvement is proceeding very slowly.

Almost all of the income from the export business comes from the sale of petroleum.

Agriculture and livestock are practiced almost exclusively by the population for self-sufficiency.

Industries: petroleum production, agriculture

Natural resources: diamonds, petroleum, gold, wood, copper, silver, hydropower, zinc

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