Slovakia Guide

Slovakia Guide

Country data

Location: Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 49,035 km²

Land area: 48,105 km²

Water area: 930 km²

Length of the state border: 1,474 km

Bordering countries:
Austria: 91 km
Poland: 420 km
Czech Republic: 197 km
Ukraine: 90 km
Hungary: 676 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Bratislava

Regions: 8
Banskobystricky, Bratislavsky, Kosicky, Nitriansky, Presovsky, Trenciansky, Trnavsky, Zilinsky

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 421 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m


Population: approx. 5.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 110

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Slovak, Hungarian


  • 62% Roman Catholic
  • 13% atheists
  • 8% Protestants
  • 17% other


The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with temperatures of 24-30 ° C. In winter (December-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to 0 ° C. Occasionally it can get colder in the valleys.


You have to expect rain all year round as there is no specific rainy season.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Euro (EUR)

Classification: 1 euro = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Slovakia.


Since Slovakia broke away from the state union with the Czech part in 1993, economic development has stalled.

The step into the free market economy brought a great change for all areas of industry. The economy is still troubled by the high unemployment rate of around 13%.

Industries: building materials, chemistry, electronics, power generation, vehicle construction, wood processing, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing, paper production, textiles

Natural resources: lignite, iron ore, copper, manganese, agricultural land, salt

Land use:

  • Usable land: 31%
  • Grain cultivation: 3%
  • Pasture area: 17%
  • Forests: 41%
  • other: 8%


Large parts of the country are still covered with forest. Above all spruce, linden and maple trees can be found here.

There are many species of plants and grass that are typical of Europe and also some rare species in clearings and meadows.


Many animal species that lived in the region a hundred years ago have become extinct or have been severely decimated.

The red deer is one of the most common large living wild animals.

The protection of the animal world has been given a higher priority again in the last decade thanks to new laws.

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