Location: West Africa
Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2)
Total area: 71,740 km²
Land area: 71,620 km²
Water area: 120 km²
Length of the state border: 958 km
Guinea: 652 km
Liberia: 306 km
Coastline: 402 km
Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western
Telephone code: 00 232 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Population: approx. 5.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 2.3% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 79
Life expectancy: 55 (male), 60 (female)
Official language: English
- 60% Muslim
- 10% Christians
- 30% other
The tropical humid weather lasts all year round. The climate is somewhat more pleasant near the coast, as the temperatures increase with distance from it.
The rainy season lasts from May to October with sometimes very heavy rains.
December to March is the best time to visit Sierra Leone.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Leone (SLL)
Classification: 1 leone = 100 cents
ATMs: not available
International credit cards: Very rarely accepted.
Regulations: The local currency can be imported and exported up to an amount of 50,000 leons, but this is not recommended. There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the declared import. There is a strict declaration requirement.
When leaving the country, ALL import and exchange documents must be presented.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
You should have all valuable items declared in writing upon import in order to avoid problems when leaving the country.
Drugs and all kinds of intoxicants are not allowed. For urgently needed medication, you should have an English-language confirmation from your doctor with you.
All trips outside the capital are only possible with the prior approval of the local authorities.
The state of emergency still applies across the country.
Obstacles caused by roadside checks must always be expected.
As the range of goods is very limited and there are always delivery bottlenecks, we recommend that you bring all the goods you need for your stay.
Most of the population works in agriculture and grows ginger, coffee, cocoa, manioc and palm kernels.
Most foreign currencies are generated in mining and with the export of titanium ore.
Industries: mining, oil production, light industry
Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, chromium, diamonds, iron ore, gold, graphite, columbite, manganese, molybdenum, platinum, titanium ore
- Usable land: 7%
- Grain cultivation: 1%
- Pasture area: 31%
- Forests: 28%
- other: 33%
Many northern areas consist of savannah land and are occasionally affected by floods.
To the south, the number of grasses, plants and forests increases.
Sierra Leone is a very riverside country.
The few wild animals still living in the wild include several species of monkeys and many small animals that live in the forests.