Serbia is a landlocked state in southeastern Europe. Common borders with Hungary in the north, with Romania in the northeast, with Bulgaria in the east, with Macedonia in the south, with Albania, Montenegro in the southwest, with Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west.
The capital is Belgrade. The official language is Serbian. Religion – Orthodoxy. Currency – Serbian dinar.
The climate is continental. Summers are warm, winters are short and cold. Fertile Danube valley in the north, mountains in the south.
Serbia was inhabited by Serbs and other Slavic tribes from the 6th-7th centuries until the end of the 12th century. was under the control of the Roman Empire. In the 13th and 14th centuries – an independent state, from the 15th century. It was part of the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey) and partly (since the 16th century) of the Holy Roman Empire (now Austria).
After two uprisings against Turkish rule, Serbia received wide autonomy in 1830, and after the Serbian-Turkish war of 1876-1878, full independence and became a kingdom in 1882.
In December 1918, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, renamed in 1929. to Yugoslavia, proclaimed after the liberation from the German occupation (1941-1944) in November 1945, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The recognition by the European Union of independent Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 reduced the territory of Yugoslavia to one Republic of Serbia.
The Republics of Serbia and Montenegro were declared successors to Yugoslavia in April 1992, to which the US and the EU did not agree, as the war continued and human rights were violated. In March and June 1992, thousands of Serbs called for an end to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A visa-free regime for 30 days has been established between Serbia and Russia (for citizens of both states).
Serbia has five national parks, the oldest of which is Fruška Gora (1960). The park is interesting for tourists thanks to the old Serbian monasteries. The region also has a long hunting and wine-growing tradition.
Rural tourism is in demand, there are tourist villages in the mountains.
Basketball is the national sport.
There are 6167 settlements in Serbia. 24 of them are cities.
Location: Southeast Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 77,474 km²
Land area: 77,474 km²
Water area: 0 km²
Length of the state border: 2,026 km
Bosnia / Herzegovina: 302 km
Bulgaria: 318 km
Kosovo: 352 km
Croatia: 241 km
Macedonia: 62 km
Montenegro: 124 km
Romania: 476 km
Umgarn: 151 km
Coastline: 0 km
Ada, Aleksandrovac, Aleksinac, Alibunar, Apatin, Arandelovac, Arilje, Babusnica, Bac, Backa Palanka, Backa Topola, Backi Petrovac, Bajina Basta, Batocina, Becej, Bela Crkva, Bela Palanka, Beocin, Blace, Bogatic, Bojnik, Boljevac, Bor, Bosilegrad, Brus, Bujanovac, Cajetina, Cicevac, Coka, Crna Trava, Cuprija, Despotovac, Dimitrov, Doljevac, Gadzin Han, Golubac, Gornji Milanovac, Indija, Irig, Ivanjica, Kanjiza, Kikinda, Kladovo, Knic, Kocelzejeva,, Kosjeric, Kovacica, Kovin, Krupanj, Kucevo, Kula, Kursumlija, Lajkovac, Lapovo, Lebane, Ljig, Ljubovija, Lucani, Majdanpek, Mali Idos, Mali Zvornik, Malo Crnice, Medveda, Merosina, Mionica, Negotin, Nova Crnja Varos, Novi Becej, Novi Knezevac, Odzaci, Opovo, Osecina, Paracin, Pecinci, Petrovac na Mlavi, Pirot, Plandiste, Pozega, Presevo, Priboj, Prijepolje, Prokuplje, Raca, Raska, Razanj,Rekovac, Ruma, Secanj, Senta, Sid, Sjenica, Smederevska Palanka, Sokobanja, Srbobran, Sremski Karlovci, Stara Pazova, Surdulica, Svilajnac, Svrljig, Temerin, Titel, Topola, Trgoviste, Trstenik, Tutin, Ub, Varvarin, Velika Plana, Veliko Gradiste, Vladicin Han, Vladimirci, Vlasotince, Vrbas, Vrnjacka Banja, Vrsac, Zabalj, Zabari, Zagubica, Zitiste, Zitorada
Telephone code: 00 381 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Midzor 2,169 m
Population: approx. 7.2 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.5% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 93
Life expectancy: 72 (male), 78 (female)
Official language: Serbian
- 84% Serbian Orthodox
- 5% Catholic
- 3% Muslim
- 1% Protestants
- 7% other
Located in the temperate climate zone, there is a temperate continental climate all year round.
While the summer months from June to August are quite warm with average temperatures of around 20 ° C, it can get very cold in winter, especially in the mountainous regions, with minus degrees.
In winter a lot of snow falls, especially in the higher mountain regions.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Dinar (RSD)
Division: 1 dinar = 100 para
ATMs: Available in most major cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.
Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to an equivalent of 10,000 euros.
The import and export of the local currency is permitted up to an equivalent value of 10,000 euros.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 2 liters of wine or 1 liter of spirits over 22%
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Archaeologically or artistically valuable objects may only be exported with the approval of the competent Serbian authorities.
Due to the current refugee situation, there are increased controls at the borders with Croatia and Hungary. Correspondingly longer waiting times should be planned.
Under no circumstances should travelers take unknown hitchhikers with them. The charge of human smuggling could be raised very quickly.
The economy has recovered very well since the war in Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Even if some traces are still visible, the reforms that have been carried out have resulted in steady growth.
The main export goods include iron, vegetables, rubber products, fruits, steel, textiles and wheat.
Industries: chemistry, vehicle manufacturing, food manufacturing, mechanical engineering, furniture manufacturing, textiles
Natural resources: antimony, natural gas, petroleum, gold, limestone, coal, copper, magnesium, marble, agricultural land, pyrite, salt, silver, zinc
- Land: 37%
- Grain cultivation: 3%
- other: 60%