San Marino Guide

San Marino Guide

San Marino – information about the country

Country name San Marino
Official name Republic of San Marino
Capital San Marino
Continent Europe
Area 61 km2
Population 33,540 (2013)
Foundation of a state 3/9/0301
The highest mountains Monte Titano 756 m
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Serravalle 4700, San Marino (capital) 2400
Official language Italian
Ethnicity/National Composition San Marino 80%, Italians 17.5%, others 2.5%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic 95%, others 5%
Currency 1 Italian lira (Lit) = 100 centesimos
gross domestic product (GDP) US$42,724 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 81.71 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and forestry 2%, industry 34%, construction 6.5%, services 57.5%

San Marino – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Italy Rome 301,318 km2 59,943,933

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, San Marino is the smallest republic in Europe and the second smallest in the world after Nauru. It is a quiet enclave near Rimini in northern Italy, situated on the eastern slopes of the Apennines.

San Marino is a state in Southern Europe, surrounded by Italian territory. This is one of the smallest states in the world. The capital is San Marino. The name “San Marino” comes from the name of the saint who founded this state in 301. The official language is Italian. Currency – euro.

The climate is subtropical, Mediterranean. Temperature in summer +24*C, in winter +4*C.

Tourism greatly influences the country’s economy. The tourism industry employs 2 million citizens of the country. The country is visited by more than 3 million tourists a year. The country has the title of the oldest republic in the world.

Resorts and attractions of San Marino

According to ancient sources, San Marino was founded in the 4th century. AD around 301 by the Christian stonemason Marinus, who came to this land seeking refuge from the anti-Christian Roman emperor Diocletian. Marinus hid on Mount Titano (701 m), founded a small Christian community there. The then owner of the land, Felicissima, bequeathed this land on the mountain to the community after her death.

San Marino is a dwarf state in Italy. Its area is 61 sq. km. 5 thousand people live in the capital of San Marino. But what is remarkable about this country? Its uniqueness lies in history, the extraordinary patriotism of citizens, unprecedented legislation, the miniaturization of the territory, the collection of many museums and temples in such a small area.

Interesting facts

The area of ​​the country is 60.2 km2.

The total length of the country’s roads is 104 km.

The telephone code of the country is +378, the code and prefix of mobile numbers is +3786.

The armed forces of the Republic of San Marino consist of a permanent contingent of 75-100 people. The main part of the armed forces of the state is involved in ceremonial events associated with national holidays and meetings of foreign government delegations. The cost of the army, budgeted in the country, is 700,000 US dollars.

Country data

Location: Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 61 km²

Land area: 61 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 39 km

Bordering countries: Italy: 39 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: San Marino

Municipalities: 9
Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 378 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Monte Titano 755 m


Population: approx. 32,700 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.9% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 536

Life expectancy: 81 (male), 86 (female)

Official language: Italian

Religions: Roman Catholic


San Marino is located in a moderate climatic zone. There are no major temperature differences over the year.

San Marino

The summer months are not very warm, with rare rainfall. Even in winter it is still very mild. Snow rarely falls.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: There are many available.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

As an enclave, San Marino is completely surrounded by Italy.

There are no restrictions when crossing the border, as there is a customs union with Italy.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for San Marino.


The service sector and tourism are the main industries of the small state. More than three quarters of the state’s revenue is generated through this.

Industries: banking, electrical engineering, textiles, tourism, winemaking

Natural resources: none

Land use:

  • Land: 17%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 0%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 83%
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