Russia Guide

Russia Guide

Country data

Location: North Asia

Time zone: from CET + 2 (in the west) to CET + 12 (in the east)

Total area: 17,098,242 km²

Land area: 16,377,742 km²

Water area: 720,500 km²

Length of the state border: 22,407 km

Bordering countries:
Azerbaijan: 338 km
Belarus / Belarus: 1,312 km
China: 4,179 km
Estonia: 324 km
Finland: 1,309 km
Georgia: 894 km
Kazakhstan: 7,644 km
North Korea: 18 km
Latvia: 332 km
Lithuania: 261 km
Mongolia: 3.452 km
Norway: 191 km
Poland: 209 km
Ukraine: 1,944 km

Coastline: 37,653 km

Capital: Moscow

Republic: 83
Adygeya (Maykop), Altay (Barnaul), Altay (Gorno-Altaysk), Amur (Blagoveshchensk), Arkhangel’sk, Astrakhan, Bashkortostan (Ufa), Belgorod, Bryansk, Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude), Chechnya (Groznyy), Chelyabinsk, Chukotka (Anadyr), Chuvashiya (Cheboksary), Dagestan (Makhachkala), Ingushetiya (Magas), Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal’chik), Kaliningrad, Kalmykiya (Elista), Kaluga, Kamchatskiychatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy), Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk), Kareliya (Petrozavodsk), Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Khakasiya (Abakan), Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk), Kirov, Komi (Syktyvkar), Kostroma, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Kuringrad, Kurs, Magadan, Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola), Mordoviya (Saransk), Moscow, Moscow [Moskva], Murmansk, Nenets (Nar’yan-Mar), Nizhniy Novgorod, North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz), Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orel,Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Primorskiy [Maritime] (Vladivostok), Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saint Petersburg [Sankt-Peterburg], Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk), Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Stavropol, Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg), Tambov, Tatarstan (Kazan), Tomsk, Tula, Tver, Tyumen, Tyva (Kyzyl), Udmurtiya (Izhevsk), Ul’yanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard), Yaroslavl, Yevrey, Zabaykal’sk (Chita)Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard), Yaroslavl, Yevrey, Zabaykal’sk (Chita)Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard), Yaroslavl, Yevrey, Zabaykal’sk (Chita)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 7 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Gora Elbrus 5,633 m


Population: approx. 142 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 8

Life expectancy: 64 (male), 76 (female)

Official language: Russian


  • 15-20% Russian Orthodox
  • 10-15% Muslim

approx. 70% other



Eastern part of the country:

  • Summer is similar to that in Central Europe
  • dry and cold winter months
  • Winter frost down to -25 ° C

Southern part of the country:

  • Summer months with around 20 ° C
  • cool winter months, but mostly above 0 ° C

Western part of the country:

    • Summer temperatures down to 0 ° C
    • Very long winters (up to 7 months)
    • Winter temperatures from -10 to -50 ° C

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Russian ruble (RUB)

Classification: 1 ruble = 100 kopecks

ATMs: They are available, but should not be used as they are very often manipulated for credit card fraud.

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: The local currency may be imported and exported up to an equivalent value of approx. 3,000 US dollars. In addition, only with a corresponding declaration.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import. There is an obligation to declare.

The exchange of money should only be done at approved banks and exchange offices and must be entered in the declaration form.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1.5 liters of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The customs form received upon entry must be kept until departure. In this all things carried are listed.

Travel advice

Traveling to the following areas is not advisable due to the risk situation there:

  • Dagestan
  • Ingushetia
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
  • Chechnya

Since there have been repeated terrorist attacks, you should avoid staying in large crowds.

Behavioral advice

Photographing military objects and people is prohibited and should also be avoided.


After the transition to a market economy, industry is only slowly gaining momentum. Exports in particular are stagnating in many sectors.

The Russian Federation has a lot of natural resources and other resources.

Due to the sanctions of western countries, economic development is stagnating.

Due to the drop in the price of oil and the resulting reduced foreign exchange income, the state had to cut its expenditure massively and release part of its financial reserves.

Industries: building materials, mining, chemistry, electronics, power generation, mechanical engineering, vehicle manufacturing, aircraft manufacturing, food manufacturing, textiles, transportation, tourism

Natural resources: There are many different natural resources in large quantities.

Land use:

  • Usable land: 8%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 4%
  • Forests: 46%
  • other: 42%


In the ice deserts of the north there are only a few green areas overgrown with moss and simple grasses.

The largest forest area still in existence on earth stretches from the center of the country to the south. There are mainly spruce, pine and fir trees.

In the south of the country there are huge steppe landscapes that are used for agriculture, because the soil is very fertile.


From the animal species that exist in Europe to the polar bears, seals and walruses living in Siberia, almost all areas of fauna are represented.

In the south of the country there are fewer animals than in the north, as the population is being decimated here by agricultural use and hunting.

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