Romania Guide

Romania Guide

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET + 1

Total area: 238,391 km²

Land area: 229,891 km²

Water area: 8,500 km²

Length of the state border: 2,508 km

Bordering countries:
Bulgaria: 608 km
Moldova / Moldova: 450 km
Serbia: 476 km
Ukraine: 531
Hungary: 443 km

Coastline: 225 km

Capital: Bucharest

Regions: 42
Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti (Bucharest), Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dambovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Valcea, Vrancea

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 40 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Population

Population: approx. 21.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 91

Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: Romanian, Hungarian, German

Religions:

  • 80% Romanian Orthodox
  • 6% Protestants
  • 6% Roman Catholic
  • 8% other

Climate

In the continental climate, the summer months are comparable to those in Germany. There is an average daily temperature of 25 ° C.

Romania

However, the winter months can get very cold. Temperatures of -20 ° C in December and January are not uncommon.

Rain falls a little less in summer than in winter. There is no exact rainy season.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: LEU (RON)

Classification: 1 Leu = 100 Bani

ATMs: Available in major cities and tourist centers. Beware of manipulated ATMs!

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.

All exchange receipts should be kept in a safe place until you leave the country.

Cash payments are common in rural areas.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Romania.

Economy

For a long time, agriculture was practically the only activity.

It was only in the last few decades that heavy industry and the extraction and processing of petroleum began.

Industries: Building materials, mining, chemistry, oil production, wood processing, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing

Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, oil, wood, coal, farmland, salt, hydropower

Land use:

  • Land: 41%
  • Grain cultivation: 3%
  • Pasture area: 21%
  • Forests: 29%
  • other: 6%
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