Romania Guide

Romania Guide

Romania – country information

Country name Romania
Official name Romania
Capital Bucharest
Continent Europe
Area 238,391 km2
Population 20,121,641 (2011)
Foundation of a state 5/9/1877
The highest mountains Moldoveanu 2,543 m
Longest rivers Dunarea (Danube) 2850 km (in the country 1065 km), Prut (part) 909 km, Oltul 803 km
State system a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Bucharest (capital) 2,060,000, Brasov 360,000, Constanta 350,000
Official language Romanian
Ethnicity/National Composition Romanians 89.5%, Hungarians 7%, Gypsies 1.8%, Germans 0.4%, others 4.5%
Religious affiliation Romanian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic 5%, Greek Orthodox 3.5%, other 4.5%
Currency 1 leu (pl.lei) = 100 mines
gross domestic product (GDP) US$12,722 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 71.63 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 14%, mining and industry 41%, construction 3%, services 42%

Romania – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Bulgaria Sofia 110,912 km2 7,282,041
Hungary Budapest 93,032 km2 9,906,000
Moldova Chisinau 33,851 km2 3,559,500
Serbia Belgrade 77,474 km2 7,181,505
Ukraine Kyiv 603,700 km2 45,426,200

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Romania – the land of the Romans – is located geographically and geopolitically in the Balkans. It borders five states and has 350 km of Black Sea coastline.

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET + 1

Total area: 238,391 km²

Land area: 229,891 km²

Water area: 8,500 km²

Length of the state border: 2,508 km

Bordering countries:
Bulgaria: 608 km
Moldova / Moldova: 450 km
Serbia: 476 km
Ukraine: 531
Hungary: 443 km

Coastline: 225 km

Capital: Bucharest

Regions: 42
Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti (Bucharest), Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dambovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Valcea, Vrancea

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 40 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m


Population: approx. 21.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 91

Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: Romanian, Hungarian, German


  • 80% Romanian Orthodox
  • 6% Protestants
  • 6% Roman Catholic
  • 8% other


In the continental climate, the summer months are comparable to those in Germany. There is an average daily temperature of 25 ° C.


However, the winter months can get very cold. Temperatures of -20 ° C in December and January are not uncommon.

Rain falls a little less in summer than in winter. There is no exact rainy season.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: LEU (RON)

Classification: 1 Leu = 100 Bani

ATMs: Available in major cities and tourist centers. Beware of manipulated ATMs!

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.

All exchange receipts should be kept in a safe place until you leave the country.

Cash payments are common in rural areas.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Romania.


For a long time, agriculture was practically the only activity.

It was only in the last few decades that heavy industry and the extraction and processing of petroleum began.

Industries: Building materials, mining, chemistry, oil production, wood processing, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing

Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, oil, wood, coal, farmland, salt, hydropower

Land use:

  • Land: 41%
  • Grain cultivation: 3%
  • Pasture area: 21%
  • Forests: 29%
  • other: 6%
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