Romania – country information
|Foundation of a state||5/9/1877|
|The highest mountains||Moldoveanu 2,543 m|
|Longest rivers||Dunarea (Danube) 2850 km (in the country 1065 km), Prut (part) 909 km, Oltul 803 km|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Bucharest (capital) 2,060,000, Brasov 360,000, Constanta 350,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Romanians 89.5%, Hungarians 7%, Gypsies 1.8%, Germans 0.4%, others 4.5%|
|Religious affiliation||Romanian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic 5%, Greek Orthodox 3.5%, other 4.5%|
|Currency||1 leu (pl.lei) = 100 mines|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$12,722 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||71.63 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 14%, mining and industry 41%, construction 3%, services 42%|
Romania – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, Romania – the land of the Romans – is located geographically and geopolitically in the Balkans. It borders five states and has 350 km of Black Sea coastline.
Location: Southeast Europe
Time zone: CET + 1
Total area: 238,391 km²
Land area: 229,891 km²
Water area: 8,500 km²
Length of the state border: 2,508 km
Bulgaria: 608 km
Moldova / Moldova: 450 km
Serbia: 476 km
Hungary: 443 km
Coastline: 225 km
Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti (Bucharest), Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dambovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Valcea, Vrancea
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 40 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m
Population: approx. 21.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.3% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 91
Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)
Official language: Romanian, Hungarian, German
- 80% Romanian Orthodox
- 6% Protestants
- 6% Roman Catholic
- 8% other
In the continental climate, the summer months are comparable to those in Germany. There is an average daily temperature of 25 ° C.
However, the winter months can get very cold. Temperatures of -20 ° C in December and January are not uncommon.
Rain falls a little less in summer than in winter. There is no exact rainy season.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: LEU (RON)
Classification: 1 Leu = 100 Bani
ATMs: Available in major cities and tourist centers. Beware of manipulated ATMs!
International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.
Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.
All exchange receipts should be kept in a safe place until you leave the country.
Cash payments are common in rural areas.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Romania.
For a long time, agriculture was practically the only activity.
It was only in the last few decades that heavy industry and the extraction and processing of petroleum began.
Industries: Building materials, mining, chemistry, oil production, wood processing, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing
Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, oil, wood, coal, farmland, salt, hydropower
- Land: 41%
- Grain cultivation: 3%
- Pasture area: 21%
- Forests: 29%
- other: 6%