Panama Guide

Panama Guide

Country data

Location: Central America

Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7)

Total area: 74,420 km²

Land area: 74,340 km²

Water area: 1,080 km²

Length of the state border: 555 km

Costa Rica: 330 km
Colombia: 225 km

Coastline: 2,490 km

Capital: Panama City

Provinces: 13
Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui, Cocle, Colon, Darien, Embera-Wounaan, Herrera, Kuna Yala, Los Santos, Ngobe-Bugle, Panama, Panama Oeste, Veraguas

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 507 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Volcano Baru 3,475 m


Population: approx. 3.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 48

Life expectancy: 76 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Spanish


  • 85% Roman Catholic
  • 15% Protestants


Panama is located in a tropical climate zone. The temperatures are consistently high all year round and averaged around 25-30 ° C in the flatlands. It is a little cooler in the mountain regions.

The rainy season lasts from May to October, with short showers almost every day. The humidity is very high all year round.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Balboa (PAB)

Classification: 1 Balboa = 100 Centésimos

ATMs: There are numerous ATMs in the larger cities. However, many devices are often out of order.

International credit cards: These are accepted by major hotels and businesses in Panama City.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. Larger amounts of cash must be declared upon entry.

The US dollar is a valid currency in Panama. The Balboa is linked 1 to 1 to this. Therefore, you should only carry the US currency with you as a foreign currency.

Outside of Panama City, cash payments are common.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 500 cigarettes or 500 g tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The import of animal and plant products of all kinds is prohibited.

Travel advice

The border region to Colombia should be avoided when traveling. There are frequent kidnappings and attacks by armed groups.

Behavioral advice

Original travel documents and valuables should be deposited in the hotel safe. Always carry copies of your identification documents with you. The entry stamp should be visible on a copy.

Do not show jewelry, valuables and money in public, as thefts and robberies are more common in big cities.


Agriculture mainly serves to supply the population. Some exotic fruits are intended for export.

A special source of income are the fees from the use of the Panama Canal.

Industries: building materials, light industry, tourism, cement production / p>

Natural resources: copper, mahanoni wood, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 7%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 44%
  • other: 27%


The dense tropical rainforest in Panama reaches up to an altitude of 3,000 meters above sea level. There it is replaced by a mixture of deciduous trees and a large number of conifers.

Savannas and grasslands are mainly to be found in the lower regions.


The dense forests are still home to many species of wild animals that could develop here undisturbed.

You can find monkeys, alligators, jaguars, crocodiles and pumas here. But a large number of birds are also at home in the mountain regions.

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