Oman Guide

Oman Guide

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 3 (during summer time: CET + 2)

Total area: 309,500 km²

Land area: 309,500 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 1,573 km

Yemen: 288 km
Saudi Arabia: 676 km
United Arab Emirates: 609 km

Coastline: 2,092 km

Capital: Muscat

Regions: 11
Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Buraymi, Al Wusta, Az Zahirah, Janub al Batinah, Janub ash Sharqiyah, Masqat (Nutmeg), Musandam, Shamal al Batinah, Shamal ash Sharqiyah, Zufar

Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 968 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m


Population: approx. 3.2 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 10

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 77 (female)

Official language: Arabic, English


  • 86% Muslim
  • 6% Christians
  • 5% Hindu
  • 3% other


The summer months of June and July are particularly hot. There are sometimes temperatures of over 40 ° C, with constant high humidity.


Spring and autumn do not bring much cooling either, so that the climate as a whole is difficult to bear for Europeans.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Rial Omani (OMR)

Classification: 1 rial = 1000 Baisa

ATMs: Available in the major cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

The import of Israeli currency is not allowed.

Customs regulations

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The import of alcoholic beverages (max. 1 liter) is only allowed for non-Muslims.

Pornographic material, pork products, weapons and ammunition of all kinds are not permitted.

Almost all western magazines count as pornographic material. You should therefore avoid taking newspapers and magazines with you completely.

Travel advice

During the fasting month of Ramadan, restrictions in the daily routine must be expected, e.g. reduced working hours for authorities and restaurants that are closed during the day.

Behavioral advice

Due to the tense situation in the Middle East, you should be very cautious in public. You should refrain from any political or religious activity.


Oman’s economy in recent years has relied mainly on the extraction and export of natural gas and oil.

In order to be more independent, attempts have been made for a few years to expand further branches of the economy. These include above all agriculture and tourism.

Industries: natural gas and oil production, copper mining, agriculture, tourism

Natural resources: asbestos, natural gas, petroleum, copper

Land use:

  • Usable land: 0%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 5%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 95%
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