Norway Guide

Norway Guide

Norway – country information

Country name Norway
Official name Kingdom of Norway
Capital Oslo
continent Europe
Area 385 155 km
Population 5 109 056 (2014)
Foundation of a state 7. 6. 1905
The highest mountains Glittertind 2470 m
Longest rivers Glåma 610 km
State system pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Oslo (capital) 470,000 (conurbation 740,000), Bergen 220,000, Trondheim 142,000
Official language Norwegian
Ethnicity/National Composition Norwegian 95.8%, other Scandinavian 1.0%, British 0.4%, Pakistani 0.3%, American 0.3%, other 8.5%
Religious affiliation Lutherans 88.5%, no religion 3%, others 8.5%
Currency 1 Norwegian krone (NKr)
gross domestic product (GDP) US$54,397 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 79.54 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 2.8%, mining 15%, industry 17.2%, construction 3.5%, services 61.5%

Norway – neighboring states

State Capital Area Populace
Finland Helsinki 338 145 km 5 452 821
Mask Moscow 17,098,200 km 143 700 000
Sweden Stockholm 449,964 km 9 651 531

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Norway stretches along the western coast of the Scandinavian peninsula. This state with a beautiful but harsh landscape has a relatively low population.

Country data

Location: Northern Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 323,802 km²

Land area: 304,282 km²

Water area: 19,520 km²

Length of the state border: 2,542 km

Bordering countries:
Finland: 727 km
Russian Federation: 196 km
Sweden: 1,619 km

Coastline: 25,148 km

Capital: Oslo

Provinces: 19
Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 47 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Galdhopiggeh 2,469 m


Population: approx. 5.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.1% per year

Population density (inh. Per km²): 16

Life expectancy: 80 (male), 84 (female)

Official language: Norwegian


  • 82% Evangelical-Lutheran
  • 18% other


Due to the influence of the Gulf Stream and the air currents it moves, Norway has a very mild climate, despite its northern location.

The summer months (June-September) are pleasantly warm, especially in the southern part of the country.

In the long winter (December-April) it can get very cold and there is often heavy snowfall.

Rain can be expected all year round.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Norwegian Krone (NOK)

Classification: 1 crown = 100 Øre

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

If you are carrying amounts of money with a total value of more than NOK 25,000, this must be declared upon entry.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g of tobacco products and 200 sheets of cigarette paper
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages and 1 liter of wine
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Medicines may only be carried for personal consumption. This must be designed for the duration of the stay.

There is an import ban for:

  • All kinds of spirits with an alcohol content of over 60%
  • Guns and ammunition of all kinds
  • Drugs of all kinds

The export of objects with an artistic or cultural value is only permitted with a corresponding authorization from the state authorities.

Travel advice

Since March 2016, identity checks have been carried out again on entry and exit. All travelers must therefore have a valid identity card or passport with them.


As one of the world’s largest fishing nations, Norway has a very large fleet of merchant and utility ships.

Thanks to the extraction of crude oil, the generation of energy through hydropower and mining, industrialization has been strongly promoted, especially in the last century.

Industries: chemistry, natural gas and oil production, fishing, wood processing, food production, shipbuilding, textiles

Natural resources: lead, iron ores, natural gas, petroleum, fish, wood, copper, nickel, hydropower, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 3%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 0%
  • Forests: 27%
  • other: 70%


About 27% of the country’s area is forested. Maple, birch, oak, ash, linden and elm are among the most common deciduous trees. These species mainly grow in the south and west of the country.

Conifers are mainly found in the north and east.

Many types of bushes, mosses and flowers grow in the forest areas and on larger plains.


Norway’s waters are still rich in various fish stocks. However, due to the heavy fishing, some species were almost extinct. A limitation of the catch quota should now secure the stock for a long time.

Reindeer, arctic hares and foxes, as well as wolves, are still numerous in the otherwise barren northern regions of the country.

Elk, deer and many smaller animal species, on the other hand, can be found in the center of the country and in the south.

Comments are closed.