Niger Guide

Niger Guide

Country data

Location: Africa

Time zone: CET (during summer time: CET – 1)

Total area: 1,267,000 km²

Land area: 1,266,700 km²

Water area: 300 km²

Length of the state border: 5,697 km

Bordering countries account for:
Algeria: 956 km
Benin: 266 km
Burkina Faso: 628 km
Libya: 354 km
Mali: 821 km
Nigeria: 1,497 km
Chad: 1,175 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Niamey

Regions: 8
Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder

Telephone code: 00 227 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes 2,022 m


Population: approx. 17.5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 3.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 14

Life expectancy: 54 (male), 56 (female)

Official language: French


  • 80% Muslim
  • 20% other


The summer months from the beginning of November to the end of May are very hot during the day, with temperatures of up to 45 ° C. At night, on the other hand, it can cool down to 0 ° C.

It only rains very rarely and then only for a short time.


The rainy season lasts from the beginning of June to the end of October. A lot of rain falls, especially in the south of Niger. During this time, too, the daytime temperatures only drop by a few degrees Celsius.

The best time to travel is from November to early March.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: CFA Franc (XOF)

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: Very rarely accepted in a few shops in the capital.

Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. The import and export of the local currency is limited to an amount of 25,000 CFA francs.

Since it is almost impossible to exchange the local currency back, you should only exchange amounts for what is actually needed.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 1 carton of cigarettes
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

We warn against traveling outside the capital Niamey!

The Islamist terrorist organization Boko Haram repeatedly attacks targets in the southeast of Niger. However, the risk of attack and kidnapping is very high across the country.

We therefore advise against travel to Niger that is not absolutely necessary.

Since there are still minefields from the civil wars in the northern regions, travel there should be avoided.

Entry into Niger is only allowed through border posts with a customs post.

Behavioral advice

Tourist trips in Niger should only be undertaken with experienced guides.

Furthermore, if possible, you should only travel in groups and not take individual excursions.


Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Most of the population (over 80%) are employed in agriculture. Nevertheless, their income is not enough to supply the population.

The country’s most important export is uranium, which makes up around two thirds of all exports.

Industries: chemical industry, oil production, ore mining, food production, light industry, textile industry

Natural resources: iron ores, petroleum, gold, coal, phosphates, uranium, tin

Land use:

  • Usable land: 3%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 7%
  • Forests: 2%
  • other: 88%


In the north there are almost only desert areas in which only single grasses grow.

Only in the south, where more rain falls, do tamarind, baobab and mahogany trees grow.


Most of the animals live in the south of the country, as there are still green oases here that serve as a source of food.

Antelopes, buffalo, giraffes and lions are some of the most common animal species to be found.

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