Nauru Guide

Nauru Guide

Nauru – country information

Country name Nauru
Official name Republic of Nauru
Capital Yaren
Continent Australia and Oceania
Area 21 km2
Population 9,945 (2011)
Foundation of a state 31/1/1968
The highest mountains highest point 69 m
State system a republic without political parties with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Yaren (capital) 600
Official language Nauru, English
Ethnicity/National Composition Nauruans 65.5%, other Pacific Islanders 25%, Chinese 7.5%, other 2%
Religious affiliation Protestants 58%, Roman Catholics 24%, others 18%
Currency 1 Australian dollar () = 100 cents
Average life expectancy of the population 63.08 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing about 5%, mining 40%, industry and construction 10%, services 45%

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Nauru is a small country on a single island in the western Pacific Ocean just south of the equator and about 700 km west of Kiribati. It is the smallest republic in the world, which ranks among the states with the highest per capita income thanks to a valuable source of natural phosphate.

Nauru (Naoero) is a dwarf state on a coral island in the western Pacific Ocean.

Nauru is a Micronesian state bordering the islands of Kiribati. There is no official capital, the government is located in the Yaren district. The official language is English, Nauruan. Currency – Australian dollar.

The climate is equatorial monsoon, hot and humid. Temperature +32*С, can reach +41*С.

Tourism on the island is limited due to environmental pollution.

Nauru is the smallest independent republic on Earth, the smallest island state, the smallest state outside of Europe and the only republic in the world without an official capital.

The Nauruans in the distant past called the island Naoero. The island has other names as well. The British colonists until 1888 called Nauru Pleasant Island. The Germans called it Nawod or Onawero. The spelling of Nauru was later changed to Naoero to help Europeans pronounce the country’s name correctly.

Coconut palms, pandanus, ficus, laurel and other deciduous trees grow on the island. But the fauna of Nauru is poor. Animals were brought to the island by people. These are cats, dogs, pigs, chickens and rats. There are lizards and several species of birds. Lots of insects. Around the island there are sharks, sea urchins, shellfish, crabs and many poisonous marine animals.

Interesting Facts

The first among Europeans to discover Nauru in 1798 was the English captain John Fearn.

There are no national armed forces on Nauru.

The national sport game in Nauru is Australian football.

Country data

Location: South Pacific Ocean

Time zone: CET + 11 (during summer time: CET + 10)

Total area: 21 km²

Land area: 21 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 30 km

Capital: Yaren

Districts: 14
Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren

Electric current: 110, 240 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 674 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: 61 m


Population: approx. 9,500 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.5% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 452

Life expectancy: 62 (male), 70 (female)

Official language: Nauruan, English


  • 60% prostesters
  • 33% Roman Catholic
  • 7% other


Nauru is located in a tropical climate zone that has very high humidity all year round.

The daytime temperatures are almost always between 20 ° C and 30 ° C.


Precipitation must be expected all year round.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Australian dollar (AUD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: unknown

International credit cards: Not accepted.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. There is an obligation to declare!

The export of foreign currencies is limited to the declared import and the local currency to an amount of 2,500 AUD. The maximum limits are carefully controlled.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 450 g tobacco
  • 3 bottles of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Pornographic material and weapons of any kind may not be imported.

Travel advice

There is no German embassy in Nauru. The German embassy in Canberra / Australia is responsible.


The mining and export of phosphates make up over 75% of Naurus’ economy.

Almost all goods required for daily life have to be imported.

Industries: finance, coconut production, phosphate mining

Natural resources: phosphates

Land use:

  • Usable land: 0%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 0%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 100%
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