Mozambique Guide

Mozambique Guide

Country data

Location: South Africa

Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET)

Total area: 799,380 km²

Land area: 786,380 km²

Water area: 13,000 km²

Length of the state border: 4,571 km

Bordering countries:
Malawi: 1,569 km
Zambia: 419 km
Zimbabwe: 1,231 km
South Africa: 491 km
Swaziland: 105 km
Tanzania: 756 km

Coastline: 2,470 km

Capital: Maputo

Provinces: 10
Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia

Telephone code: 00 258 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m


Population: approx. 24.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 31

Life expectancy: 52 (male), 53 (female)

Official language: Portuguese, English


  • 28% Christians
  • 18% Muslim
  • 54% other


In Mozambique the seasons are opposite to those in Europe.

The rainy season with very heavy rains and high humidity lasts from October to March. The average temperature is 30 ° C.

From April to September there is a general dry season with temperatures around 24 ° C. The coastal areas are constantly tropical and humid.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: New Metical (MZN)

Classification: 1 metical = 100 centavos

ATMs: Available in most major cities. Often only accept the VISA card.

International credit cards: Only a few shops in the capital accept them.

Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is limited to an amount of 10,000 MZN. The import of foreign currencies is permitted in unlimited amounts, but must be declared upon entry. The export is limited to the amount declared upon import.

The exchange of the local currency is only possible upon presentation of the exchange receipts.

We recommend choosing US dollars as the foreign currency, as this is the easiest to change. Although 50 and 100 dollar bills are not often accepted for fear of counterfeiting.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 0.75 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The import and export of antique coins, diamonds, drugs and weapons of all kinds is prohibited.

All valuable electronic devices must be declared upon import.

Travel advice

The domestic political situation in Mozambique is calm. However, the crime rate is particularly high in the cities.

Raids and thefts from tourists are commonplace.

The police rarely intervene to help.

Behavioral advice

Outside of cities, you should not move at night, as the risk of robberies is particularly high.

As there is a lack of food and supplies in Mozambique, you should bring everything you need with you when you travel to the country.


More than three quarters of the country’s population are employed in agriculture.

In addition to agriculture, the food industry is particularly encouraged in order to at least partially guarantee supplies to the population.

Industries: chemical industry, natural gas production, food production, tobacco growing, textiles, cement production

Natural resources: natural gas, coal, titanium, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 4%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 56%
  • Forests: 18%
  • other: 22%
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