Mozambique Guide

Mozambique Guide

Mozambique – country information

Country name Mozambique
Official name Republic of Mozambique
Capital Maputo
Continent Africa
Area 801,590 km2
Population 23,700,715 (2012)
Foundation of a state 6/25/1975
The highest mountains Monte Binga 2436 m
Longest rivers Zambezi 2660 km (inland 900 km)
State system a republic with a unicameral parliament and a transitional government
The biggest cities Maputo (capital) 1,250,000, Beira 350,000, Nampula 285,000
Official language Portuguese
Ethnicity/National Composition groups Makua 49%, Tsonga 23.5%, Malawi 12%, Shona 11%, Yao 3.5%, Swahili 0.5%
Religious affiliation traditional African faith 48%, Roman Catholic 30%, Muslim 14%, Protestant 7.5%
Currency 1 metical (Mt) = 100 centavos
gross domestic product (GDP) US$1,155 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 39.82 years (2006)

Mozambique – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
South Africa – JAR Pretoria 1,221,040 km2 52,981,991
Malawi Lilongwe 118,484 km2 16,363,000
Swaziland Mbabane 17,364 km2 1,250,000
Tanzania At home 945,087 km2 44,928,923
Zambia Lusaka 752,618 km2 14,580,290
Zimbabwe Harare 390,757 km2 12,973,808

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Mozambique is a country in South-East Africa spread over a length of more than 2000 km along the Mozambique Channel. In the southwest, it is wedged between Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi. It borders Tanzania in the north.

Mozambique is a country in southeastern Africa. Common borders in the north – with Tanzania, in the northwest – with Malawi, Zambia, in the west – with Zimbabwe, in the south – with Swaziland, South Africa.

The capital is Maputo. The official language is Portuguese. Currency – metical. Religion – Catholicism, traditional beliefs.

The climate is subequatorial, monsoonal (in the north) and tropical, trade winds (in the south). The average temperature all year round is about +24*С. In particular, in January +30, in June +20*C.

The blessed land is proud to share its treasures with tourists. Gorgeous beaches and picturesque islands, clear ocean waters and white sand. In this African country, time flows smoothly and you should not rush it.

Resorts and attractions of Mozambique

Trips to wild places are especially tempting for us. Particularly attracted by such places where, if possible, there are no tourists. This is Mozambique.

The mesmerizing waters of the Indian Ocean and amazingly delicious lobsters. In this country, we learn to relax, surf, dive and not rush time. It flows here smoothly, like snow-white sand through your fingers.

You will also find an abundance of outlandish vegetables and fruits, a desert and a transnational park.

Mozambique can be called one of the hottest spots in Africa. But this concept does not mean military operations and guerrilla unrest, but an abundance of magnificent beaches and mamas of magically beautiful islands that you definitely need to see with your own eyes. You can go on an underwater trip around the Bazaruto archipelago or sail through the mangrove channels on a punt.

Interesting facts

In 1752, the Portuguese possessions in East Africa were officially declared a colony of Mozambique.

Country data

Location: South Africa

Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET)

Total area: 799,380 km²

Land area: 786,380 km²

Water area: 13,000 km²

Length of the state border: 4,571 km

Bordering countries:
Malawi: 1,569 km
Zambia: 419 km
Zimbabwe: 1,231 km
South Africa: 491 km
Swaziland: 105 km
Tanzania: 756 km

Coastline: 2,470 km

Capital: Maputo

Provinces: 10
Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia

Telephone code: 00 258 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m


Population: approx. 24.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 31

Life expectancy: 52 (male), 53 (female)

Official language: Portuguese, English


  • 28% Christians
  • 18% Muslim
  • 54% other


In Mozambique the seasons are opposite to those in Europe.

The rainy season with very heavy rains and high humidity lasts from October to March. The average temperature is 30 ° C.

From April to September there is a general dry season with temperatures around 24 ° C. The coastal areas are constantly tropical and humid.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: New Metical (MZN)

Classification: 1 metical = 100 centavos

ATMs: Available in most major cities. Often only accept the VISA card.

International credit cards: Only a few shops in the capital accept them.

Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is limited to an amount of 10,000 MZN. The import of foreign currencies is permitted in unlimited amounts, but must be declared upon entry. The export is limited to the amount declared upon import.

The exchange of the local currency is only possible upon presentation of the exchange receipts.

We recommend choosing US dollars as the foreign currency, as this is the easiest to change. Although 50 and 100 dollar bills are not often accepted for fear of counterfeiting.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 0.75 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The import and export of antique coins, diamonds, drugs and weapons of all kinds is prohibited.

All valuable electronic devices must be declared upon import.

Travel advice

The domestic political situation in Mozambique is calm. However, the crime rate is particularly high in the cities.

Raids and thefts from tourists are commonplace.

The police rarely intervene to help.

Behavioral advice

Outside of cities, you should not move at night, as the risk of robberies is particularly high.

As there is a lack of food and supplies in Mozambique, you should bring everything you need with you when you travel to the country.


More than three quarters of the country’s population are employed in agriculture.

In addition to agriculture, the food industry is particularly encouraged in order to at least partially guarantee supplies to the population.

Industries: chemical industry, natural gas production, food production, tobacco growing, textiles, cement production

Natural resources: natural gas, coal, titanium, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 4%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 56%
  • Forests: 18%
  • other: 22%
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