Morocco – country information
|Official name||Kingdom of Morocco|
|Foundation of a state||2/3/1956|
|The highest mountains||Jabal Tubkal 4165 m|
|Longest rivers||Mulúja 515 km|
|State system||pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Casablanca 3,200,000, Rabat-Salé (capital) 1,450,000, Fás (Fes) 1,100,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Arab-Berbers 99.5%, others 0.5%|
|Religious affiliation||Sunni Muslims 98.7%, Christians 1.1%, others 0.2%|
|Currency||1 Moroccan Dirham (MAD) = 100 Moroccan Francs|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$5,193 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||70.94 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 17.5%, mining 3%, industry 23.5%, construction 5.5%, services 50.5%|
Morocco – neighboring countries
|Western Sahara||Laayoune||266,000 km2||567,000|
According to Abbreviationfinder, located in northwest Africa, Morocco is one of the last remaining kingdoms in the Arab world. Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) is now under Moroccan control, although its status remains disputed.
Location: North Africa
Time zone: CET -1
Total area: 446,550 km²
Land area: 446,300 km²
Water area: 250 km²
Length of the state border: 2,020 km
Bordering countries are accounted for:
Algeria: 1,559 km
Spain: 20 km
Western Sahara: 443 km
Coastline: 1,835 km
Grand Casablanca, Chaouia-Ouardigha, Doukkala-Abda, Fes-Boulemane, Gharb-Chrarda-Beni Hssen, Guelmim-Es Smara, Laayoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz, Meknes-Tafilalet, Oriental, Rabat-Sale-Zemmour-Zaer, Souss-Massa-Draa, Tadla-Azilal, Tanger-Tetouan, Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate
Telephone code: 00 212 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m
Population: approx. 33 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 74
Life expectancy: 73 (male), 80 (female)
Official language: Arabic, Tamazight
- 99% Muslim
- 1% other
Near the coast there is a subtropical climate all year round. Temperatures are 24 ° C in summer and 15 ° C in winter (often rainy).
The climate in the interior and in the higher regions is drier and much warmer (summer: 35 ° C)
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Dirham (MAD)
Classification: 1 dirham = 100 centimes
ATMs: Available in the major cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted in many tourist areas.
Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is not permitted. There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. However, a declaration is required from an equivalent value of 15,000 dirhams. Export is permitted up to the amount of the declared import.
For security reasons, money should only be exchanged in banks or official exchange offices!
The exchange of the local currency can often only be done with them.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 400 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
If you have a large amount of camping equipment with you, you must keep a list (duplicate) with you listing all items. This will be noted on entry to ensure re-export.
Radios may only be imported with a Moroccan permit!
Although Morocco is considered a safe travel destination, we warn against visiting the regions on the border with Algeria, Mauritania and Western Sahara (risk zone). Often there are also unmarked minefields here.
Do not drink tap water as it often contains a lot of chlorine.
Most of the population works in agriculture. The main crops here are: dates, cereals, potatoes, melons, olives, grapes and sugar cane.
Many small farms are dedicated to cattle breeding.
In addition to the rich phosphate deposits, various other mineral resources are mined in the mining industry.
Since Morocco is one of the leading producers of phosphate rocks, this makes up a significant proportion of the export volume.
Industries: mining, food production, leather processing, phosphate mining, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: lead, iron ores, natural gas, petroleum, fish, gold, coal, copper, manganese, nickel, phosphates, salt, zinc
- Usable land: 21%
- Grain cultivation: 1%
- Pasture area: 47%
- Forests: 20%
- other: 11%
While the lowlands consist mainly of bush and grasslands that become less and less towards the south, there are large areas of forest in the higher regions.
These often consist of pine, cork oak, fir and cedar.
Both African and European animal species are native to Morocco. These include foxes, gazelles, baboons, panthers, wild boars and a variety of different small animals.