Mongolia Guide

Mongolia Guide

Mongolia – country information

Country name Mongolia
Official name Republic of Mongolia
Capital Ulaanbaatar
Continent Asia
Area 1,564,120 km2
Population 2,931,300 (2013)
Foundation of a state 7/11/1921
The highest mountains Hujtun (Najramdal) 4374 m
Longest rivers Selenga 1000 km
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Ulaanbaatar (capital) 575,000, Darkhan 85,000
Official language Mongolian
Ethnicity/National Composition Khalka Mongols 79.5%, Kazakhs 5.5%, Dörbed Mongols 2.5%, Bayads 1.7%, Buryat Mongols 1.5%, Dariganz Mongols 1.3%, others 8%
Religious affiliation mostly Lamaist Buddhists, minority Muslims
Currency 1 tugrik (Tug) = 100 möngö
gross domestic product (GDP) US$5,314 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 64.89 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 22%, mining and industry 28%, construction 4.5%, services 45.5%

Mongolia – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
China Peking 9,640,820 km2 1,363,350,000
Russia Moscow 17,098,200 km2 143,700,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Mongolia is a vast inland republic on the border of Siberia and the Far East. It shares a longer border with the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia in the south and with Russia in the north.

Country data

Location: North Asia

Time zone (country east): CET + 7

Time zone (west): CET + 6

Total area: 1,564,116 km²

Land area: 1,553,556 km²

Water area: 10,560 km²

Length of the state border: 8,220 km

Bordering countries:
China: 4,677 km
Russian Federation: 3,543 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Ulan Bator

Provinces: 22
Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan-Uul, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan (Zavkhan), Govi-Altay, Govisumber, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogatar, Sela, Orhon, Oge, curtay Tov, Ulan Bator, Uvs

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 976 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m


Population: approx. 3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 2

Life expectancy: 65 (male), 73 (female)

Official language: Mongolian

Religions: Buddhists, Muslims



  • in summer around 15 ° C
  • in winter around -25 ° C (sometimes much colder)

South of the country:

  • in summer around 20 ° C
  • in winter around -10 ° C

Precipitation must be expected, especially in summer, from June to August.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Tögrög (MNT)

Classification: 1 Tugrik = 100 Möngö

ATMs: There are individual devices in Ulan Bator. Himalaya Bank machines should not be used due to incorrect debits.

International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted by larger hotels.

Regulations: The national currency may not be imported or exported.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the amount of the declared import.

You should keep all exchange receipts and invoices until you leave the country.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

A customs form must be filled out upon entry. You must keep this until you leave the country.

Travel advice

Pickpocketing occurs again and again in the capital, Ulan Bator, especially in areas visited by tourists.

Accordingly, you should be careful not to openly display money and valuables.

Behavioral advice

You should always have your identification documents with you, as the police can check them at any time.


A large part of the population is occupied by the low level of agriculture and the high level of animal husbandry.

There are actually only larger industrial companies in the vicinity of the capital Ulan Bator.

Industries: building materials, mining, food production, livestock

Natural resources: petroleum, gold, coal, copper, molybdenum, nickel, phosphates, tungsten, zinc, tin

Land use:

  • Usable land: 1%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 80%
  • Forests: 9%
  • other: 10%


There are hundreds of different grass, bush and plant species across the country.

Since the soil is not particularly fertile, large parts of the country consist of steppe areas with only low-growing flora.


Due to the many hunts, many animal species have already become extinct or threatened by them.

Occasionally there are still wild antelopes, bears, camels, horses and ibex.

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