Mongolia – country information
|Official name||Republic of Mongolia|
|Foundation of a state||7/11/1921|
|The highest mountains||Hujtun (Najramdal) 4374 m|
|Longest rivers||Selenga 1000 km|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Ulaanbaatar (capital) 575,000, Darkhan 85,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Khalka Mongols 79.5%, Kazakhs 5.5%, Dörbed Mongols 2.5%, Bayads 1.7%, Buryat Mongols 1.5%, Dariganz Mongols 1.3%, others 8%|
|Religious affiliation||mostly Lamaist Buddhists, minority Muslims|
|Currency||1 tugrik (Tug) = 100 möngö|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$5,314 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||64.89 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 22%, mining and industry 28%, construction 4.5%, services 45.5%|
Mongolia – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, Mongolia is a vast inland republic on the border of Siberia and the Far East. It shares a longer border with the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia in the south and with Russia in the north.
Location: North Asia
Time zone (country east): CET + 7
Time zone (west): CET + 6
Total area: 1,564,116 km²
Land area: 1,553,556 km²
Water area: 10,560 km²
Length of the state border: 8,220 km
China: 4,677 km
Russian Federation: 3,543 km
Coastline: 0 km
Capital: Ulan Bator
Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan-Uul, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan (Zavkhan), Govi-Altay, Govisumber, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogatar, Sela, Orhon, Oge, curtay Tov, Ulan Bator, Uvs
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 976 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m
Population: approx. 3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1.4% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 2
Life expectancy: 65 (male), 73 (female)
Official language: Mongolian
Religions: Buddhists, Muslims
- in summer around 15 ° C
- in winter around -25 ° C (sometimes much colder)
South of the country:
- in summer around 20 ° C
- in winter around -10 ° C
Precipitation must be expected, especially in summer, from June to August.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Tögrög (MNT)
Classification: 1 Tugrik = 100 Möngö
ATMs: There are individual devices in Ulan Bator. Himalaya Bank machines should not be used due to incorrect debits.
International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted by larger hotels.
Regulations: The national currency may not be imported or exported.
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the amount of the declared import.
You should keep all exchange receipts and invoices until you leave the country.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
A customs form must be filled out upon entry. You must keep this until you leave the country.
Pickpocketing occurs again and again in the capital, Ulan Bator, especially in areas visited by tourists.
Accordingly, you should be careful not to openly display money and valuables.
You should always have your identification documents with you, as the police can check them at any time.
A large part of the population is occupied by the low level of agriculture and the high level of animal husbandry.
There are actually only larger industrial companies in the vicinity of the capital Ulan Bator.
Industries: building materials, mining, food production, livestock
Natural resources: petroleum, gold, coal, copper, molybdenum, nickel, phosphates, tungsten, zinc, tin
- Usable land: 1%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 80%
- Forests: 9%
- other: 10%
There are hundreds of different grass, bush and plant species across the country.
Since the soil is not particularly fertile, large parts of the country consist of steppe areas with only low-growing flora.
Due to the many hunts, many animal species have already become extinct or threatened by them.
Occasionally there are still wild antelopes, bears, camels, horses and ibex.