Mauritania – country information
|Official name||Islamic Republic of Mauritania|
|Foundation of a state||28/11/1960|
|The highest mountains||Kediat Idjil 917 m|
|State system||a republic with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Nouakchott (capital) 600,000, Nouadhibou 75,000|
|Official language||Arabic, French|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Moors 70%, black groups 30%|
|Religious affiliation||Sunni Muslims 99.4%, Christians 0.4%, others 0.2%|
|Currency||1 Mauritanian oukiya (MRO) = 5 chums|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$2,096 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||53.12 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 29.5%, mining 10%, industry 10.5%, services 50%|
Mauritania – Neighboring States
|They had||Bamako||1,240,190 km2||15,302,000|
|Western Sahara||Laayoune||266,000 km2||567,000|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Mauritania is located in northwestern Africa on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and belongs to the countries of the Sahel. It borders Western Sahara and Algeria to the north, Senegal to the south and Mali to the southeast.
Location: North Africa
Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2)
Total area: 1,030,700 km²
Land area: 1,030,700 km²
Water area: 0 km²
Length of the state border: 5,074 km
Algeria: 463 km
Mali: 2,237 km
Senegal: 813 km
Western Sahara: 1,561 km
Coastline: 754 km
Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza
Telephone code: 00 222 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m
Population: approx. 3.5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 2.3% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 3
Life expectancy: 60 (male), 65 (female)
Official language: Arabic
Religions: 100% Muslim
Mauritania is divided into three climatically different regions:
- mild temperatures due to the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean
- Summer: 28-35 ° C
- Winter: 20-28 ° C
- high humidity in summer
- Desert climate
- strong temperature fluctuations (day / night)
- Daytime temperatures often over 40 ° C
- Rainy season from July to October
- tropical climate
- very warm all year round
- high humidity
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Ouguiya (MRO)
Classification: 1 Ouguiya = 5 Khoums
ATMs: not available
International credit cards: only accepted in a few hotels in Nouakchott.
Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is not permitted. Foreign currencies can be imported in an unlimited amount. Export is permitted up to the amount of the declared import.
Be sure to keep receipts for all currency exchange and spending. There are sometimes very strict controls when you leave the country!
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500 g tobacco
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Warnings are given against traveling to the border with Algeria and Mali
Travel to the areas of the Sahara and the Sahel is not recommended.
In the border region there are occasional attacks on tourists by armed gangs.
Terrorist attacks can be expected across the country.
Al-Qaeda offshoots are always looking for foreigners with the aim of kidnapping them.
Always carry two wallets with you. One with your travel fund that should be hidden on your body. And one filled with a few small bills that you give out in the event of a robbery in order to satisfy the robbers. This way you won’t lose all of your money right away.
You should not leave the paved roads in the Western Sahara area as there are many unmarked minefields.
When choosing your clothing, you should consider that Mauritania is a Muslim country.
Due to the existing long pasture areas, cattle breeding is one of the most important branches of Mauritania’s economy.
Fishing and mining are also very important.
Nevertheless, Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world.
The inadequate infrastructure and the uncertain political situation repeatedly prevent major investments from abroad.
Industries: mining of iron ore and gypsum, fishing
Natural resources: iron ores, fish. Plaster of paris, copper, phosphates
- Usable land: 0%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 38%
- Forests: 4%
- other: 58%
The most fertile areas in the country are along the Senegal River. There is wide grassland with a few trees.
There are only a few oases within the Sahara.
Although the government has now taken measures to protect the animal population, this has been greatly reduced due to environmental degradation and poaching.
The most common animal species include antelopes, elephants, gazelles, crocodiles, Senegal lions and ostriches.