Malta – country information
|Official name||Republic of Malta|
|Foundation of a state||21/09/1964|
|The highest mountains||highest point 253 m|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Valletta (capital) 9150 (conurbation 210,000)|
|Official language||Maltese language, English|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Maltese 97%, British 1%, others 3%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic 99%, others 1%|
|Currency||1 Maltese lira (Lm) = cents|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$26,857 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||79.01 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and forestry 3.2%, mining and industry 29%, construction 3.8%, services 64%|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Malta is an island republic in the Mediterranean Sea about 100 km south of Sicily. It consists of the islands of Malta, Gozo and Comino, which lie in a strategic position midway between Gibraltar and Suez and between Italy and Tunisia. Its location has historically been the reason for frequent changes of its rulers.
Location: Southern Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 316 km²
Land area: 316 km²
Water area: 0 km²
Length of the state border: 0 km
Coastline: 197 km
Attard, Balzan, Birgu, Birkirkara, Birzebbuga, Bormla, Dingli, Fgura, Floriana, Fontana, Ghajnsielem, Gharb, Gharghur, Ghasri Ghaxaq, Gudja, Gzira, Hamrun, Iklin, Imdina, Imgarr, Imqabba, Imsida, Isla, Kalkara, Kercem, Kirkop, Lija, Luqa, Marsa, Marsaskala, Marsaxlokk, Mellieha, Mosta, Munxar, Nadur, Naxxar, Paola, Pembroke, Pieta, Qala, Qormi, Qrendi, Rabat, Rabat (Ghawdex), Safi, San Giljan / Saint Julian, San Gwann / Saint John, San Lawrenz / Saint Lawrence, Sannat, San Pawl il-Bahar / Saint Paul’s Bay, Santa Lucija / Saint Lucia, Santa Venera / Saint Venera, Siggiewi, Sliema, Swieqi, Tarxien, Ta ‘Xbiex, Valletta, Xaghra, Xewkija, Xghajra, Zabbar, Zebbug, Zebbug (Ghawdex), Zejtun, Zurrieq
Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 356 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Ta’Dmejrek 253 m
Population: approx. 413,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.3% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 1,306
Life expectancy: 78 (male), 83 (female)
Official language: Maltese, English
- 90% Roman Catholic
- 10% other
During the sunny summer, the temperature is around 30 ° C. Occasionally it can get over 40 ° C.
The winter months are mild, with average temperatures around 12-20 ° C. There is no frost or snowfall.
Some rain falls in the summer months. In winter there is very rarely rain.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Euro (EUR)
Classification: 1 euro = 100 cents
ATMs: There are many available.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. A declaration is required from an equivalent value of 10,000 EUR.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- very small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Electronic devices (computers, TVs, cameras,… etc.) should be declared when entering the country, otherwise customs may demand an export duty when leaving.
Meat and vegetable products of all kinds are not allowed to be imported into Malta.
There is currently no country-specific travel advice for Malta.
You should stow cash, valuables and identification papers securely and not necessarily show them in public. Thefts occur again and again in some regions and public bus routes.
The tourism industry has become a very important branch of industry since the late 1980s. There are around a million visitors to the island every year.
Traditional industries include agriculture and fishing.
Industries: building materials, electronics, food production, shipbuilding, tobacco production, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: limestone, agricultural land, salt
- Land: 38%
- Grain cultivation: 3%
- Pasture area: 0%
- Forests: 0%
- other: 59%