Macedonia Guide

Macedonia Guide

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 25,713 km²

Land area: 25,433 km²

Water area: 280 km²

Length of the state border: 766 km

Bordering countries:
Albania: 151 km
Bulgaria: 148 km
Greece: 246 km
Kosovo: 159 km
Serbia: 62 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Skopje

Municipalities: 71
Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Caska, Centar Zupa, Cesinovo-Oblesevo, Cucer Sandevo, Debar, Debarca, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Gevgelija, Gostivar, Grad Skopje, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rostusa, Novaci, Novaci, Mogila, Selo, Ohrid, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vrapciste, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 389 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Golem Korab 2,764 m


Population: approx. 2.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 82

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 79 (female)

Official language: Macedonian


  • 65% Macedonian Orthodox
  • 33% Muslim
  • 2% other


In the continental climate, the summer months are very warm.

In winter the temperature often drops below 0 ° C.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Macedonian Denar (MKD)

Classification: 1 denarius = 100 deni

ATMs: There are individual ATMs in Skopje and Ohrid.

International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few larger hotels and shops. It is not recommended to use it because of frequent cases of fraud.

Regulations: The national currency may be imported and exported up to an amount of 20,000 MKD.

An unlimited amount of foreign currencies can be imported and exported. From an equivalent value of EUR 2,000, these must be declared.

All exchange receipts should be kept until departure.

Cash payments in euros are also possible in many shops.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 20 cigarettes
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

Due to the refugee situation, a state of emergency has been declared for some parts of the country.

A fence has been erected on the border with Greece, which is controlled by military forces.

It is strongly advised that no unknown hitchhikers are taken when driving the car. The criminal offense of smuggling can very quickly arise, which is punished with long prison sentences.


There is very little industry in Macedonia.

Large parts of the population are employed in agriculture for self-sufficiency.

Industries: mining, ore processing, wood processing, agriculture, steel processing, tobacco production, textiles

Natural resources: asbestos, lead, chromium, iron ore, wood, manganese, nickel, agricultural land, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 24%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 39%
  • other: 10%
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