Macedonia – country information
|Official name||Republic of Macedonia|
|Foundation of a state||8/9/1991|
|The highest mountains||Korab massif 2764 m, Titov vrh 2748 m|
|Longest rivers||Vardar 388 km|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Skopje (capital) 450,000, Bitola 90,000, Kumanovo 70,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Macedonians 64.6%, Albanians 21%, Turks 4.8%, Romanians 2.7%, Serbs 2.2%, others 4.7%|
|Religious affiliation||Orthodox about 60%, Muslims 20%, other Christians 15%|
|Currency||1 dinar (Din) = 100 para|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$10,465 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||73.97 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 16%, mining and industry 42%, construction 4%, services 38%|
Macedonia – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, Macedonia is a small country in the center of the Balkan Peninsula. Due to the name and possible territorial claims, it was not recognized by neighboring Greece. After the Balkan Wars (1912–1913), both Greece and Bulgaria acquired Macedonian territories, and both states fear that Macedonian nationalists will demand their return.
Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – FYROM) is a state in southeastern Europe. Shared borders in the north with Kosovo, Serbia, in the west with Albania, in the south with Greece, in the east with Bulgaria.
Has no access to the sea. The capital is Skopje. The official language is Macedonian. Currency – Macedonian Denar. Religion – Orthodoxy.
The climate is temperate-subtropical. The temperature in winter is +12*С, in summer +23*С.
In order to attract tourists to their country, Macedonia from March 16, 2013 canceled visas for Russians. All interested citizens of our country can visit Macedonia not only without a visa, but also without any additional tourist vouchers.
Resorts and attractions in Macedonia
Speaking of Macedonia, it is impossible not to recall Alexander the Great and his many conquests. Actually, modern Macedonia occupies no more than 40% of its historical area, another half is the territory of Greece, which is why countries periodically have a dispute over whose land it is. The locals may ask you if you consider Macedonia to be Greece. The answer is obvious.
There are three Macedonias in the world (three parts of historical Macedonia). Pirin – the smallest part, which is located in Bulgaria. Aegean – the largest, which is located in Greece. Vardar – modern Macedonia.
Macedonia offers two types of holidays. Ski resorts and a trip around the country to see medieval buildings and small towns that look like pictures from the history books.
Tours to Macedonia are holidays at ski resorts, many interesting excursions, wide opportunities for hiking and mountain tourism, exciting fishing and rafting (rafting on rapids on large inflatable frameless boats – rafts).
Macedonian resorts – Popova-Shapka, Ponikva, Negorski-Bani, Lagadin, Mavrovo (ski resort), Kezhovitsa, Banya-Bansko, Debarski-Bani.
Visiting card of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, can rightfully be called a stone bridge that connected the northern and southern (old and new) parts of the city, located on the banks of the Vardar River. This bridge is the oldest in the Macedonian capital and one of its main attractions. The emblem with the image of the bridge adorns the flag of the city. Currently, the bridge is being restored in order to return it to its original appearance.
The second poorest (after Albania) country in Europe.
Ohrid beads. Have you ever heard such a phrase? If not, then you should know that Ohrid beads are an adornment made of fish scales skillfully created by Macedonian jewelers. This product is incredibly similar to real pearls.
Location: Southeast Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 25,713 km²
Land area: 25,433 km²
Water area: 280 km²
Length of the state border: 766 km
Albania: 151 km
Bulgaria: 148 km
Greece: 246 km
Kosovo: 159 km
Serbia: 62 km
Coastline: 0 km
Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Caska, Centar Zupa, Cesinovo-Oblesevo, Cucer Sandevo, Debar, Debarca, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Gevgelija, Gostivar, Grad Skopje, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rostusa, Novaci, Novaci, Mogila, Selo, Ohrid, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vrapciste, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 389 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Golem Korab 2,764 m
Population: approx. 2.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 82
Life expectancy: 73 (male), 79 (female)
Official language: Macedonian
- 65% Macedonian Orthodox
- 33% Muslim
- 2% other
In the continental climate, the summer months are very warm.
In winter the temperature often drops below 0 ° C.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Macedonian Denar (MKD)
Classification: 1 denarius = 100 deni
ATMs: There are individual ATMs in Skopje and Ohrid.
International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few larger hotels and shops. It is not recommended to use it because of frequent cases of fraud.
Regulations: The national currency may be imported and exported up to an amount of 20,000 MKD.
An unlimited amount of foreign currencies can be imported and exported. From an equivalent value of EUR 2,000, these must be declared.
All exchange receipts should be kept until departure.
Cash payments in euros are also possible in many shops.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 20 cigarettes
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Due to the refugee situation, a state of emergency has been declared for some parts of the country.
A fence has been erected on the border with Greece, which is controlled by military forces.
It is strongly advised that no unknown hitchhikers are taken when driving the car. The criminal offense of smuggling can very quickly arise, which is punished with long prison sentences.
There is very little industry in Macedonia.
Large parts of the population are employed in agriculture for self-sufficiency.
Industries: mining, ore processing, wood processing, agriculture, steel processing, tobacco production, textiles
Natural resources: asbestos, lead, chromium, iron ore, wood, manganese, nickel, agricultural land, zinc
- Usable land: 24%
- Grain cultivation: 2%
- Pasture area: 25%
- Forests: 39%
- other: 10%