Luxembourg Guide

Luxembourg Guide

Luxembourg – country information

Country name Luxembourg
Official name Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital Luxembourg
Continent Europe
Area 2,586 km2
Population 537,000 (2012)
Foundation of a state 1/1/1839
The highest mountains Wemperhardt 559 m
Longest rivers Moselle 545 km (in the country 40 km)
State system constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Luxembourg (capital) 77,000, Esch-sur-Alzette 25,000
Official language French, German, Luxembourgish
Ethnicity/National Composition Luxembourgers 70.5%, Portuguese 10.5%, Italians 5.1%, French 3.4%, Belgians 2.5%, Germans 2.3%, others 5.7%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 93.0%, Protestants 1.3%, others 5.7%
Currency 1 euro = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$77,958 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 78.89 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture 1.3%, mining and industry 26%, construction 7.5%, services 65.2%

Luxembourg – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Belgium Brussels 32,545 km2 11,132,269
France Paris 551,500 km2 65,844,000
Germany Berlin 357,022 km2 80,619,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It borders France, Germany and Belgium.

Luxembourg is a grand duchy in Western Europe. The name comes from “lucilinburch” – “small town”. Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the Grand Duke. The capital is Luxembourg. Currency – euro. Official languages ​​are French, Luxembourgish, German.

Shared borders with Belgium, Germany and France. The total area of ​​the country is 2,586 km2.

Traces of human habitation on the territory of Luxembourg date back to 35,000 BC.

You will not immediately find this country on the map, its size is too small, which cannot be said about the wealth of the country, its beauties and advantages over its neighbors. Therefore, tours to Luxembourg are more often chosen by connoisseurs of exquisite relaxation surrounded by luxurious architectural structures and well-established cultural services.

Resorts and attractions of Luxembourg

Luxembourg is the pearl of Western Europe, the state of dreams, the largest of the dwarf countries and it is about 1000 years old. The city of Luxembourg has been known since ancient Roman times. In 963, Count Siegfried bartered these lands from the abbey of St. Maximin, which laid the foundation for the city and the state. In 1244, Luxembourg received city rights.
Now metropolitan Luxembourg is inhabited by about 75 thousand people. a third of which are foreigners. The country itself is located in the center of Europe, so many tourist routes pass through it. By the way, this is one of the richest countries in Europe.

The first impression of what he saw – how small everything is. Small neat houses, narrow clean streets and an abundance of flowers. Quality and good food, good climate and friendly people. The roads are excellent and you can drive through the country in a couple of hours.

This is the only principality in the world, and newspapers are published here in three languages ​​at once. The speakers in Luxembourgish, German and French complement each other seamlessly. And this mixture of cultures in Luxembourg is noticeable everywhere. Even the motto of the national cuisine reads: French quality, German quantity.

The country has great influence in the world community and takes part in international organizations.

Interesting facts

The first in the ranking of the standard of living of the countries of the European Union.

Country data

Location: Western Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 2,586 km²

Land area: 2,586 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 359 km

Belgium: 148 km
Germany: 138 km
France: 73 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Luxembourg

Districts: 3
Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg

Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 352 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Burgplatz 559 m


Population: approx. 520,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 201

Life expectancy: 77 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: Luxembourgish, German, French


  • 87% Roman Catholic
  • 13% other


The prevailing temperate Western European climate has an average temperature of 15-27 ° C in summer.

In winter it is relatively cool with occasional snowfalls and daytime temperatures between -4 ° C and + 10 ° C.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: There are many available.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Luxembourg.


Banking and steel processing are the most important industries in Luxembourg and generate most of the gross domestic product.

Industries: banking, chemicals, iron and steel processing, food production

Natural resources: iron ores, agricultural land

Land use:

  • Usable land: 24%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 21%
  • other: 34%
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