Lithuania Guide

Lithuania Guide

Lithuania – country information

Country name Lithuania
Official name Republic of Lithuania
Capital Vilnius
Continent Europe
Area 65,300 km2
Population 2,941,953 (2014)
Foundation of a state 11/03/1990
The highest mountains Juozapine 294 m
Longest rivers Nemunas 970 km (in the country 450 km)
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Vilnius (capital) 585,000, Kaunas 425,000, Klaipeda 204,000
Official language Lithuanian
Ethnicity/National Composition Lithuanians 81%, Russians 8.5%, Poles 6.8%, Belarusians 1.5%, others 2.2%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 80%, the rest Orthodox, Lutherans and Reformed
Currency 1 lit = 100 centai
gross domestic product (GDP) US$21,383 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 71.33 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 21%, mining and industry 40%, construction 3%, services 36%

Lithuania – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Belarus Minsk 207,600 km2 9,468,100
Latvia Riga 64,600 km2 2,003,900
Poland Warsaw 312,685 km2 38,502,396
Russia Moscow 17,098,200 km2 143,700,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Lithuania lies at the southeastern tip of the Baltic Sea; it borders Latvia to the north and Belarus to the east. In the southwest, it shares a common border with Poland and the Kaliningrad region, which is part of the Russian Federation.

Lithuania is a small country today, but in the Middle Ages the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was one of the most powerful entities in Eastern Europe. A strong sense of national identity, with roots dating back 2,000 years, was the motive behind the resistance against Soviet rule that began in the 1940s.

Country data

Location: Eastern Europe

Time zone: CET (during European summer time: CET – 1)

Total area: 65,300 km²

Land area: 62,680 km²

Water area: 2,620 km²

Length of the state border: 1,574 km

Latvia: 576 km
Poland: 91 km
Russian Federation: 227 km
Belarus / Belarus: 680 km

Coastline: 90 km

Capital: Vilnius (Wilna)

Regions: 60
Akmene, Alytaus Miestas, Alytus, Ankšciai, Birštono, Biržai, Druskininkai, Elektrénai, Ignalina, Jonava, Joniškis, Jurbarkas, Kaišiadorys, Kalvarijos, Kauno Miestas, Kaunas, Kazlu Rudos, Kiestainiai, Klame, Kupiškis, Lazdijai, Marijampole, Mažeikiai, Moletai, Neringa, Pagégiai, Pakruojis, Palangos Miestas, Panevežys, Pasvalys, Plunge, Prienai, Radviliškis, Raseiniai, Rietavo, Rokiškis, Šiailiailasil, Rokiškis, Skuodas, Švencionys, Taurage, Telšiai, Trakai, Ukmerge, Utena, Varena, Vilkaviškis, Vilniaus, Vilnius, Visaginas, Zarasai

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 370 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Aukstojas 294 m


Population: approx. 3.5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 54

Life expectancy: 71 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Lithuanian


  • 77% Roman Catholic
  • 4% Russian Orthodox
  • 19% other


Lithuania has a Central European climate. The warmest month is July, with average temperatures of around 20 ° C.

The snowy winter has average temperatures of around -5 ° C.

Most of the rain falls in the months of July and August.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Euro (EUR)

Classification: 1 euro = 100 cents

ATMs: are widely available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: The national and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 800 cigarettes or 200 cigars or 1,000 g tobacco
  • 10 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Lithuania.


Livestock and related industries are widespread across Lithuania.

Many residents are employed in the textile industry. Lithuania is also known as the sewing room of Europe.

The main export goods include electrical goods, machines, food and textiles.

Industries: electronics, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing, shipbuilding, textiles, livestock

Natural resources: agricultural land, peat

Land use:

  • Usable land: 35%
  • Grain cultivation: 12%
  • Pasture area: 7%
  • Forests: 31%
  • other: 15%


Many different deciduous and coniferous trees, grasses and plant species grow on over 3,000 lakes and hundreds of rivers.

Almost all species of flora occurring in Europe are here. Nature conservation is of great importance.


The wild animals in Lithuania still have a largely original and protected habitat.

Muskrats, elk, foxes, deer and wild boar are at home here, along with many species of birds.

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