Liechtenstein Guide

Liechtenstein Guide

Liechtenstein – country information

Country name Lichtenstein
Official name Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital Vaduz
Continent Europe
Area 160 km2
Population 37,132 (2013)
Foundation of a state 23/1/1719
The highest mountains Naafkopf 2,574 m
State system a constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Schaan 5050, Vaduz (capital) 5000, Balzers 3550
Official language German
Ethnicity/National Composition Liechtensteiners 62.5%, Swiss 15.6%, Austrians 7.6%, Germans 3.7%, others 10.6%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 86.5%, Protestants 8%, others 5.5%
Currency 1 Swiss Franc (Sw F) = 100 centimes
Average life expectancy of the population 79.68 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and forestry 2.3%, mining and industry 34%, construction 8.2%, services 55.5%

Liechtenstein – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Austria Vienna 83,858 km2 8,504,850
Switzerland Bern 41,284 km2 8,112,200

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Liechtenstein is a miniature Central European principality located on the right bank of the upper Rhine, surrounded to the west and south by Switzerland and to the east by Austria.

Liechtenstein (principality) is a small state in Central Europe associated with Switzerland. Liechtenstein borders Austria to the east and Switzerland to the west. It is a prosperous industrial country with a developed financial services sector and a high standard of living. The capital is Vaduz. The official language is German. Religion – Catholicism. Currency – Swiss franc.

Member of the Schengen Agreement. The climate is temperate continental. The average temperature in winter is about 0, in summer +19.

The population is about 36,500 people. 5 large settlements: Shan, Vaduz, Triesen, Balzers, Eschen. The most famous historical sights are Vaduz Castle, Gutenberg Castle, Red House and the ruins of Schellenberg. According to historical data, the state was founded in 814.

Resorts and attractions of Liechtenstein

This country can be traveled by bicycle in two hours. In this small principality of 160 km2, you can spend a great weekend or stay longer. The measured way of local life is an excellent relief from the frantic rhythm of big cities. Enjoy leisurely walking tours of cities (where every street breathes history), cozy alpine villages and ancient castles.

This is a great place for lovers of ski tourism and hiking, as well as for those who are interested in the considerable historical heritage of the ancient state.

There are three natural zones in Liechtenstein – in the north there is a lowland, in the western part of the country there is a Rhine valley, and in the southeast lie the Tyrolean Alps. Almost the entire country is covered with agricultural crops, pastures, fields and woodlands.

Vaduz is a small capital, located in the upper reaches of the Rhine River near the Reticon Alpine Range (a mountain range in the Eastern Alps. The geological border between the Western and Eastern Alps.) The picturesque setting, mild cool climate, neighborhoods immersed in greenery attract travelers tired of the bustle of big cities.

Interesting facts

For 70,000 dollars a day you can rent the Principality of Liechtenstein. Residents and animals themselves are not rented. The rental includes all 160 km / sq. of territory, all the royal wine cellars and a few more impressions and pleasures.

The Liechtenstein Police has 120 officers. The Principality has abandoned the armed forces, but the constitution has a provision for military service.

1FLTV is Liechtenstein’s only TV channel, Gampriner Seele is the only lake in the country.

Liechtenstein is the world’s leading manufacturer of ceramic dentures.

Country data

Location: Central Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 160 km²

Land area: 160 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 76 km

Bordering countries:
Austria: 35 km
Switzerland: 41 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Vaduz

Municipalities: 11
Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren, Planken, Ruggell, Schaan, Schellenberg, Triesen, Triesenberg, Vaduz

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 423 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Grauspitz 2,599 m


Population: approx. 37,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.8% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 231

Life expectancy: 80 (male), 84 (female)

Official language: German


  • 76% Roman Catholic
  • 7% Protestants
  • 5% Muslim
  • 12% other


In summer the temperature is around 27 ° C and in winter around 5 ° C.

Most of the rain falls during the summer. There is fog especially in the valleys in the morning hours.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Swiss franc (CHF)

Division: 1 franc = 100 cents

ATMs: credit card / EC card and pin number

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages (max. 15% alcohol volume)
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific security notice for the Principality of Liechtenstein.


Liechtenstein is particularly known for its low taxes and strict banking secrecy. For this reason, many companies have settled here.

The unemployment rate in the country is very low.

Industries: chemistry, electronics, finance, food production, mechanical engineering, metal processing, pharmaceuticals, precision equipment manufacturing, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: farmland

Land use:

  • Usable land: 24%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 16%
  • Forests: 35%
  • other: 25%
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