Libya Guide

Libya Guide

Country data

Location: North Africa

Time zone: CET

Total area: 1,759,540 km²

Land area: 1,759,540 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 4,348 km

Bordering countries:
Egypt: 1,115 km
Algeria: 982 km
Niger: 354 km
Sudan: 383 km
Chad: 1,055 km
Tunisia: 459 km

Coastline: 1,770 km

Capital: Tripoli

Districts: 22
Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghat, Misratah, Murzuq, Nalut, Sabha, Surt, Tarabulus, Wadi al Hayat, Wadi ash Shati

Telephone code: 00 218 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m


Population: approx. 6.2 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 3.5

Life expectancy: 74 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: Arabic


  • 96% Muslim
  • 4% other


In the Mediterranean climate, daytime temperatures are between 25-45 ° C in summer and between 12-18 ° C in winter.

The country’s desert areas are subject to particularly strong temperature fluctuations between day and night.

The rainy season lasts from November to March.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Libyan Dinar (LYD)

Division: 1 dinar = 1000 dirhams

ATMs: are not available.

International credit cards: These are only accepted in a few hotels in Tripoli and Benghasi.

Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is not permitted. There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.

When entering Libya, there is a compulsory exchange with the equivalent of 500 LYD per person in the local currency. The receipts are required upon departure!

This amount can only be exchanged for a stay of less than 10 days and is then pro rata.

The import of Israeli currency is prohibited.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There is an import ban on all types of food. This also includes drinks and alcohol.

Goods from Israel and obscene literature are also not allowed to be imported.

There is an export ban for all antiquarian items (e.g. pottery shards, hand axes,…).

Travel advice

We warn against all trips to Libya!

All Germans who may still be in Libya are called upon to leave the country immediately.

The German embassy in the capital Tripoli is closed. Consular help, even in an emergency, can therefore not be provided.

The security situation is very confusing. There are always fighting, attacks and kidnappings. The state security organs are also unable to offer adequate protection.

Since there have been thefts and robberies of foreigners in the past, we recommend that you note the following:

  • do not stay in the car
  • don’t go for a walk in the dark
  • avoid large gatherings of people
  • Always follow the instructions of the security forces during road checks

Behavioral advice

The consumption of alcohol, drugs and pork is strictly forbidden!

Don’t drink tap water! This is not edible! You can fill up 20 liter canisters at central drinking water points. Alternatively, many stores offer bottled water for purchase.

Photographing military people / facilities and public buildings is prohibited and is severely punished.

You should also be extremely cautious when taking pictures of people (especially women and children), road traffic and mosques / graves.


The most important industry in the country is the production of oil. Up to 95% of the revenue generated through exports is achieved through this.

However, since Libya is extremely heavily indebted, the country’s finances cannot be restructured in the foreseeable future.

Industries: natural gas extraction, oil extraction, food production, textiles

Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum

Land use:

  • Usable land: 1%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 8%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 91%


Since large parts of Libya consist of desert, there is hardly any vegetation.

The few overgrown regions are determined by different types of grass and by palm and olive trees.


The country’s mammals include gazelles, hyenas, sand foxes, and gerbils.

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