Liberia Guide

Liberia Guide

Liberia – country information

Country name Liberia
Official name Republic of Liberia
Capital Monrovia
Continent Africa
Area 111,369 km2
Population 4,294,000 (2013)
Foundation of a state 7/26/1847
The highest mountains Mount Wutivi 1380 m
Longest rivers Cavalli 515 km
State system transitional government
The biggest cities Monrovia (capital) 675,000, Buchanan 35,000
Official language English
Ethnicity/National Composition Kpelle 20.5%, Bassa 14%, Greb 9%, Gi 7.8%, Kru 7.2%, Man 7%, others 33.5%
Religious affiliation Christians 68%, Muslims 14%, traditional faith and others 18%
Currency 1 Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$665 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 39.65 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 34%, mining 10.5%, industry 8.7%, construction 2.3%, services 44.5%

Liberia – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Guinea Conakry 245,857 km2 10,824,200
Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro 322,463 km2 23,202,000
Sierra Leone Freetown 71,740 km2 6,190,280

Country overview

The oldest independent republic in Africa borders Sierra Leone to the northwest, Guinea to the north and Ivory Coast to the east (Cavally River).

According to Abbreviationfinder, Liberia (Land of Freedom) is a state on the west coast of Africa. Common borders with Sierra Leone – in the west, with Guinea – in the north, with Côte d’Ivoire – in the east. The capital is Monrovia. The official language is English. Currency – Liberian dollar.

The climate is equatorial, hot. Temperature +25*С. Tropical rains – May-October.

They live – pygmy hippos, chimpanzees, elephants, buffaloes. A third of the territory is covered with forests, in the east – savanna with acacia and baobab.

Resorts and attractions of Liberia

After nearly two decades of war, Liberia (a country of lush rainforests located on the southern flank of West Africa) seems to have found some peace.

Now the country is led by the first woman president on the entire African continent, and the Liberian citizens themselves rushed with pleasure to restore the once destroyed state.

Interesting facts

The territory of Liberia has been inhabited since the 12th century AD. The bowels of the country contain reserves of iron ore, diamonds, and gold.

Liberia, which means the Land of Freedom, was founded as an independent state by freeborn and freed American Negroes.

Country data

Location: West Africa

Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2)

Total area: 111,369 km²

Land area: 96,320 km²

Water area: 15,049 km²

Length of the state border: 1,585 km

Bordering countries are accounted for:
Ivory Coast / Côte d’Ivoire: 716 km
Guinea: 563 km
Sierra Leone: 306 km

Coastline: 579 km

Capital: Monrovia

Regions: 15
Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe

Electric current: 110, 220 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 231 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m


Population: approx. 4.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.5% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 37

Life expectancy: 57 (male), 60 (female)

Official language: English


  • 85% Christian
  • 12% Muslim
  • 3% other


Liberia, located in the tropical rainforest climate, is one of the rainiest countries on earth. The main rainy season lasts from the beginning of April to mid-November.

The temperature remains almost constant all year round at 22-27 ° C. Only in the months of February-April does the temperature rise to 32 ° C.

Even at night it is pleasantly warm at 15-20 ° C due to the tropical climate.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Liberian dollar (LRD)

Classification: 1 Liberian dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are almost never accepted.

Regulations: The national currency and foreign currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. However, this import must be declared, otherwise problems can arise when leaving the country.

The export of currency as cash is permitted up to an equivalent value of US $ 7,500.

The US dollar is recognized as the usual means of payment and should therefore preferably be carried as a foreign currency.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There is a ban on the import of drugs and all types of narcotics.

You should have all valuable items declared in writing upon entry so that there are no problems when leaving.

Travel advice

Although the civil war ended in August 2003, particular caution is advised when traveling to Liberia due to the constantly tense security situation.

The border regions to Guinea and Sierra Leone are particularly dangerous.


The most important mineral resource is iron ore, with an estimated remaining volume of around 1 billion tons. Iron ore generates over half of all export revenues.

In second place is the production of rubber, which is also exported to many countries.

As one of the poorest countries in the world, Liberia is heavily dependent on development aid.

Industries: mining, rubber manufacturing

Natural resources: barite, diamonds, iron ores, gold, wood, manganese, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 1%
  • Grain cultivation: 3%
  • Pasture area: 59%
  • Forests: 18%
  • other: 19%


In the large tropical forests there are iron, fig, rubber and mahogany trees, as well as palm trees.

The northern parts of the country are home to large grasslands.


You can find crocodiles, chimpanzees, pygmy hippos and various other wild animals which are becoming increasingly rare.

The plan to protect flora and fauna developed at the end of the 20th century could not be implemented due to the civil war.

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