Laos – country information
|Official name||Lao People’s Democratic Republic|
|Foundation of a state||7/19/1949|
|The highest mountains||Phou Bia 2820 m|
|Longest rivers||Mekong 4500 km (in the country 1350 km)|
|State system||a republic with a one political party system and a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Vientiane (capital) 525,000, Savannakhét 140,000, Louangphrabang 90,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||groups Lao 68%, Mon-Khmer 16.5%, Tai 7.8%, Miao and Yao 5.2%, others 2.5%|
|Religious affiliation||Buddhist 60%, traditional faith 32%, no religion 5%, Christian 1.5%, Muslim 1%, other 0.5%|
|Currency||1 kip = 100 ats|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$2,847 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||55.49 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture, forestry and fishing 52%, mining and industry 16%, construction 4%, services 28%|
Laos – Neighboring States
|Burma (Myanmar)||Naypyidaw||676,578 km2||53,259,000|
|Cambodia||Phnom Penh||181,035 km2||15,135,000|
|Thailand||Bangkok (Krung Thep)||513,115 km2||65,926,261|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.
Laos (Land of a Million Elephants and a White Umbrella) is a state in Southeast Asia. Shared borders in the west with Thailand, in the east with Vietnam, in the south with Cambodia, in the north with China, in the northwest with Myanmar.
The capital is Vientiane. The official language is Lao. Religion – Buddhism. Currency – Laotian kip.
The state has no access to the sea. The climate is subequatorial monsoon.
Laos has spent a long time in wars and isolation. in spite of, or maybe that’s why, today the country can be proud of the most untouched nature in all of Southeast Asia, a well-preserved culture and, it seems, the most calm and balanced people on the planet. All this has helped that modern Laos is quickly becoming one of the popular tourist destinations and is rapidly earning the status of a cult place.
Resorts and attractions of Laos
The Lao state is simply overflowing with numerous religious sites, temples, pagodas, stupas. And besides the existing ones, there are also many temples here, lying in picturesque ruins. Among these ruins you can find not only Buddhist monasteries, but also Khmer temples and buildings of other ancient peoples.
Vientiane attractions. Ruins of Wang Sang Temple. Buddha Museum in the royal temple of Wat Phra Keo (Ho Pha Keu) The temple was built in 1565 and had one purpose – to serve as a worthy repository of the statue of the emerald Buddha.
The beautiful Lao city of Luang Prabang famous for its numerous religious buildings. The famous monasteries of Luang Prabang – Wat Pha Mahathat and its smaller neighbor Wat Aham, located a short distance from the city center. Both places of worship are more than a few hundred years old, but they look like they were built just yesterday.
In the national Lao domain (.la), citizens and organizations of any country since 2001 can register their domains without restrictions. This internet domain has been sold by the country to Los Angeles.
Location: Southeast Asia
Time zone: CET + 6 (during summer time: CET + 5)
Total area: 236,800 km²
Land area: 230,800 km²
Water area: 6,000 km²
Length of the state border: 5,083 km
Bordering countries are accounted for:
China: 423 km
Cambodia: 541 km
Myanmar: 235 km
Thailand: 1,754 km
Vietnam: 2,130 km
Coastline: 0 km
Attapu, Bokeo, Bolikhamxai, Champasak, Houaphan, Khammouan, Louangnamtha, Louangphabang, Oudomxai, Phongsali, Salavan, Savannakhet, Viangchan (Vientiane), Viangchan, Xaignabouli, Xekong, Xiangkhouang
Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 856 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Phu Bia 2,817 m
Population: approx. 6.8 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1.6% per year
Population density (inh. Per km²): 29
Life expectancy: 62 (male), 66 (female)
Official language: Lao
- 67% Buddhists
- 33% other
The climate is tropical and hot. Only in the higher regions is it a little cooler.
In the capital, temperatures rise to over 40 ° C in April and May.
The humidity is always very high. It rains a lot. But especially in the monsoon season (June-October) there is heavy rainfall.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Kip (LAK)
Classification: 1 Kip = 100 Att (is no longer used)
ATMs: not available
International credit cards: These are very rarely accepted.
Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. A declaration is required from an equivalent value of $ 2,000.
The import and export of the local currency is prohibited.
As a foreign currency, it is recommended to bring small denominations of US dollars. The notes should be as undamaged as possible and issued after the year 2000.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Personal jewelry up to a total weight of 500 grams can be carried duty-free.
The export of Buddha images is not allowed.
Armed robberies continue to take place in the countryside and in some cities. You should therefore not travel alone and only be accompanied by a local guide.
When renting motorcycles or mopeds, you should never leave your passport as security. In the event of theft or damage to the rental property, an arbitrary amount is often requested, without which the passport will not be returned.
The roads across the country are in very poor condition. It is therefore advisable to pay particular attention when driving.
Speedboats often run on waterways, but they are very dangerous. There are very often fatal accidents. Traveling with the slower boats is much safer.
Agriculture primarily serves the self-sufficiency of the population and is the most important branch of the economy. Mainly cotton, coffee, rice and tobacco are grown.
Although there are natural resources, the industry necessary for them is undeveloped.
Industries: building materials, power generation, gypsum and tin mining, wood processing, agriculture
Natural resources: gypsum, gold, wood, hydropower, tin
- Usable land: 3%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 3%
- Forests: 54%
- other: 40%
Over half of the country’s area is forested. Oak, pine, bamboo and sandal trees are the most common.
There are still many different animal species in the large forest areas. The big animals include monkeys, elephants, rhinos, leopards and tigers.