Kiribati Guide

Kiribati Guide

Kiribati – country information

Country name Kiribati
Official name Republic of Kiribati
Capital Tarawa
Continent Australia and Oceania
Area 726 km2
Population 106,461 (2013)
Foundation of a state 7/12/1979
The highest mountains Banaba 81 m
State system a republic without political parties with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Bairiki (Tarawa) (Capital) 27,000
Official language English
Ethnicity/National Composition Kiribati 97.5%, mixed race (Kiribati with other) 1.5%, Tuvaluan 0.5%, European 0.2%, other 0.3%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 53.5%, Kiribati Protestants (Congregationalists) 39.1%, Baha’is 2.4%, others 5%
Currency 1 Australian dollar () = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$6,241 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population men 52 years, women 56 years years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 24%, industry 4%, construction 4%, services 68%

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Kiribati consists of three widely separated island groups spread over an area of ​​5 million km 2 in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. They are Kiribati (Gilbert Islands), Rawaki Archipelago (Phoenix) and Line Islands.

Kiribati is a Pacific island nation located in Micronesia and Polynesia. The capital is South Tarawa. The official language is Kiribati, English.

The climate is equatorial. Temperature + 26*С, +32*С.

These exotic islands are so far from Russia that few even know anything about these places. Numerous archipelagos, consisting of small and very small islands, are lost in the boundless Pacific Ocean.

They are surrounded by coral reefs and the richest underwater world inhabited by amazing fish, colorful corals, dolphins and huge ocean turtles.

Resorts and attractions of Kiribati

Located on the equator itself (a little south and a little north of it), the Republic of Kiribati consists of 33 small atolls, twenty of which are uninhabited. Of these, 16 islands and atolls in the Gilbert archipelago, Banaba Island (Ocean), 8 islands in the Phoenix archipelago and 8 islands in the Line archipelago.

During British rule, all these lands were known as the Gilbert Islands. The name comes from a corruption of the English name for the Gilbert Islands, which the locals pronounce as “kiribas”.

Ocean Island is the pearl and the most interesting place in the Republic of Kiribati. It is a small atoll with an area of ​​6 sq. km., located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean.

Interesting Facts

The islands were first discovered by British and American ships in the late 17th and early 19th centuries.

Kiribati is the only country in the world located in all hemispheres at once.

Country data

Location: Pacific Ocean

Time zone: CET + 11 (during summer time: CET + 10)

Total area: 811 km²

Land area: 811 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 1,143 km

Capital: Tarawa

Regions: 3
Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands

Electric current: 240 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 686 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: 81 m


Population: approx. 105,000 (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 129

Life expectancy: 63 (male), 68 (female)

Official language: Kiribati, English


  • 56% Roman Catholic
  • 33% Presbyterians
  • 5% Mormons
  • 6% other


Located in the tropical climate zone, Kiribati has a constantly high humidity (around 80%).

All year round, temperatures are around 25-30 ° C. It only cools down slightly at night.

Rainfalls can be expected all year round. These are usually very strong, but often only of short duration.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Australian dollar (AUD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: unknown

International credit cards: These are rarely accepted by larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

The national currency can be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is allowed up to an amount of 5,000 AUD.

An exchange of currencies other than US dollars is rarely possible.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 225 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 21 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There are strict entry regulations for all plants, animals and animal products. Long quarantine is common.

Travel advice

There is no German embassy in Kiribati. The German embassy in Wellington / New Zealand is responsible.

Behavioral advice

You should boil water before use, as the quality is not always good.

You should have an effective mosquito repellent and always sleep under a mosquito net.


Since the soil is not fertile enough for agriculture, coconut palms are mainly grown.

Tourism has developed as a new important branch of the economy in recent years.

Industries: fishing, handicrafts, tourism

Natural resources: phosphates

Land use:

  • Usable land: 0%
  • Grain cultivation: 51%
  • Pasture area: 0%
  • Forests: 3%
  • other: 46%
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